The common name, spirulina, refers to the dried biomass of A. platensis, which belongs to the oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria that cover the groups Cyanobacteriaand Prochlorales. The Chinese State Food and Drug Administration reported that lead, mercury, and arsenic contamination was widespread in spirulina supplements marketed in China. Scientific Name: Arthrospira platensis Botanical Family: Oscillatoriaceae. Contents1 Healthy Dieting with Spirulina2 The Disease Fighter3 Removing Toxins4 How to Take Spirulina Spirulina is a simple one-celled microscopic blue-green algae with the scientific name Arthrospira platensis.  In contrast to those 2003 estimates (of DHA and EPA each at 2 to 3% of total fatty acids), 2015 research indicated that spirulina products "contained no detectable omega-3 fatty acids" (less than 0.1%, including DHA and EPA). Spirulina is a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that can be consumed by humans and animals.  Spirulina has been studied as a potential nutritional supplement for adults and children affected by HIV, but there was no conclusive effect on risk of death, body weight, or immune response.. Characterization of Spirulina biomass for CELSS diet potential.  The medical literature similarly advises that spirulina is unsuitable as a source of B12. Spirulina is the common name of the colonial blue-green algae Arthrospira Platensis. You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. More than 25,000 species of algae live everywhere - in water, in soils, on rocks, on plants. Hayashi T, et al. The common name, spirulina, refers to the dried biomass of A. platensis, which belongs to photosynthetic bacteria that cover the groups Cyanobacteria and Prochlorophyta. , These toxic compounds are not produced by spirulina itself, but may occur as a result of contamination of spirulina batches with other toxin-producing blue-green algae. The temperature optimum for this organism is around 35°C.  In 1999, Health Canada found that one sample of spirulina was microcystin-free. The dihe is used to make broths for meals, and also sold in markets. S. Spirulina; Media in category "Arthrospira" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. , Like all protein-rich foods, spirulina contains the essential amino acid phenylalanine (2.6-4.1 g/100 g), which should be avoided by people who have phenylketonuria, a rare genetic disorder that prevents the body from metabolizing phenylalanine, which then builds up in the brain, causing damage. Growth conditions. Reference: UNAVA Proper Name(s): Arthrospira platensis Common Name(s): Spirulina Category: Approved Herbal Name.  Increase in the spirulina content up to 40 g/kg (0.64 oz/lb) for 16 days in 21-day-old broiler male chicks, resulted in yellow and red coloration of flesh and this may be due to the accumulation of the yellow pigment, zeaxanthin. Standards of identity: We note that an ingredient that is lawfully added to food products may be used in a standardized food only if it is permitted by the applicable It thrives best under pesticide-free conditions with plenty of sunlight and moderate temperature levels, but it is also highly adaptable, surviving even in extreme conditions. We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply  Spirulina doses of 10 to 19 grams per day over several months have been used safely. NHPID Name: Arthrospira platensis. Spirulina | Spirulina Water Extract. Spirulina can be found in many […] Cultivated worldwide, Arthrospira is used as a dietary supplement or whole food. These photosynthetic organisms, Cyanobacteria, were first considered as algae until 1962 and for the first time, these blue-green algae were added to prokaryote kingdom and proposed to call these microorganisms as Cyanobacteria where algae are considered to be a very large and diverse group of eukaryotic organism… Among the various species included in the genus Arthrospira, A. platensis is the most widely distributed and is mainly found in Africa, but also in Asia. It is commonly found all around the world making it one of the rare endemic strains of the Earth. A report by a botanist, Jean Léonard, who was a member of a French-Belgian expedition to Africa, described a blue-green cake sold in the food market of Fort Lamy, Chad. Inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an aqueous extract of Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira platensis).  The Aztecs called it tecuitlatl. They range in size from a single cell to giant kelp over 150 feet long. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a blue-green algae. , Spirulina contaminated with microcystins has various potential toxicity, especially to children, including liver damage, shock and death. , According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, scientific evidence is insufficient to recommend spirulina supplementation for any human condition, and more research is needed to clarify whether consumption yields any benefits. Spirulina is the common name for human and animal food supplements produced primarily from two species of cyanobacteria (also known as blue-green algae): Arthrospira platensis, and Arthrospira maxima.These and other Arthrospira species were once classified in the genus Spirulina. Arthrospira Platensis Mass Cultivation of Freshwater Microalgae. COMMON NAME. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1998;18:7-12. A. maxima is believed to be found in California and Mexico. , Dried spirulina contains 5% water, 24% carbohydrates, 8% fat, and about 60% (51–71%) protein (table). Indeed some populations near the Lake Chad have been eating Arthrospira platensis since old times (Santillan, 1982). , The species A. maxima and A. platensis were once classified in the genus Spirulina.  It is also used as a feed supplement in the aquaculture, aquarium, and poultry industries. Common name; فارسی: ... Arthrospira platensis (3 F) S Spirulina (dietary supplement) (12 F) Pages in category "Arthrospira" This category contains only the following page. Our culture is grown in our laboratories and it is concentrated prior to shipment.se Nutrient Formula. Spirulina is a simple one-celled microscopic blue-green algae with the scientific name Arthrospira platensis. Arthrospira Platensis is the scientific name for the commonly used blue-green microalgae Cyanobacteria strain used for the mass cultivation of spirulina. A. platensis is found in Africa and Asia, and A. maxima is found in Central America.1, 2 Free growing, spirulina exists only in high-salt alkaline water in subtropical and tropical areas, sometimes imparting a dark-green color to bodies of water.3 Spirulina is noted for its characteristic behavior in carbonated water and energetic growth in lab… Spirulina, a blue-green algae (cyanophytes/cyanobacteria), grows as microscopic, corkscrew-shaped multicellular filaments and is now classified as a distinct genus, Arthrospira. Its name derived from the fact that the filaments are spiral 1,2. Its inclusion with the phylum Cyanobacteria as seen in Figure 2 indicates that A. platensis has a characteristic blue-green color (giving the prefix "cyano-") based on the wavelengths of light that it is able to absorb. Spirulina can be found in many freshwater environments, including ponds, lakes, and rivers. Cultivated worldwide, Arthrospira is used as a dietary supplement or whole food. Arthrospira platensis. Common names in Spanish: Espirulina.  Spirulina as an alternative feedstock and immune booster for big-mouth buffalo, milk fish, cultured striped jack, carp, red sea bream, tilapia, catfish, yellow tail, zebrafish, shrimp, and abalone was established and up to 2% spirulina per day in aquaculture feed can be safely recommended. Spirulina may have adverse interactions when taken with prescription drugs, particularly those affecting the immune system and blood clotting. Spirulina, or what was most likely Arthrospira, was rediscovered in the mid-1960s. Here are some of the more common names and misspellings: yaeyama, ojio, kyoto, febico, pyrenoidosa, afa, alage, aphanizomenon, flos-aquae, alga, algai, algal, algea, arthrospira, platensis, kelp, manna, mana, kyoto, onnit and finally gaia.  Given the lack of regulatory standards in the U.S., some public-health researchers have raised the concern that consumers cannot be certain that spirulina and other blue-green algae supplements are free of contamination. They occur naturally in tropical and subtropical lakes with high pH and high concentrations of carbonate and bicarbonate. It is also an extremophile for pH, it does very well at pH ranges up to 10.5. , As an ecologically sound, nutrient-rich dietary supplement, spirulina is being investigated to address food security and malnutrition, and as dietary support in long-term space flight or Mars missions. Ayehunie S, et al. In its commercial use, the common name, Spirulina, refers to the dried biomass of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira platensis , and is a whole product of biological origin.  The topic of tecuitlatl, which was discovered in 1520, was not mentioned again until 1940, when the Belgian phycologist Pierre Dangeard mentioned a cake called dihe consumed by the Kanembu tribe, who harvest it from Lake Chad in the African nation of Chad. It can also be found in high salt concentrations because of its alkali and salt tolerance. About the Algae: Spirulina is the common name of the cyanobacteria Arthrospira plantensis.. ("...0/10 samples of Spirulina contained microcystins. The most common species are Spirulina maxima and Arthrospira platensis. , Various studies on spirulina as an alternative feed for animal and aquaculture have been done. Common Names. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.Spirulina, or what was most likely Arthrospira, is a photosynthetic, filamentous, spiral- shaped, multicellular and blue-green microalga that has a long history of use as food. , Cornet J.F., Dubertret G. "The cyanobacterium Spirulina in the photosynthetic compartment of the MELISSA artificial ecosystem."  Its advantage for food security is that it needs less land and water than livestock to produce protein and energy. M.D. Spirulina contains around 60% protein in dry form.  If used chronically, liver damage may occur. Spirulina Nutrients Formula Arthrospira platensis is the current genus/species name for the African cyanobacteria used as food.  The effects of chronic exposure to even low levels of microcystins are a concern due to the risk of toxicity to several organ systems.  Spirulina can be fed up to 10% for poultry  and less than 4% for quail. Arthrospira species Arthrospira platensis Name Homonyms Spirulina platensis (Gomont) Geitler Common names 純頂螺旋藻 in language. Organism - Arthrospira platensis. Bibliographic References. Common or trade name: Spirulina, organic Spirulina, Spirulina platensis, Arthrospira, or Arthrospira platensis. Workshop on artificial ecological systems, DARA-CNES, Marseille, France, October 24â26, 1990, "Spirulina in combating Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) and Protein Energy Wasting (PEW) - A review", "A Review on Culture, Production and Use of Spirulina as Food dor Humans and Feeds for Domestic Animals and Fish", "Spirulina: a luxury health food and a panacea for malnutrition", "Nutritional and therapeutic potential of Spirulina", "Fatty acids profile of Spirulina platensis grown under different temperatures and nitrogen concentrations", "Nutritional Evaluation of Australian Microalgae as Potential Human Health Supplements", "Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid production potential of microalgae and their heterotrophic growth", "Position of the American Dietetic Association: Vegetarian diets", "The nutritional value of dehydrated, blue-green algae (, "Effects of diets with increasing levels of, "Pigmentation of Cultured Striped Jack Reared on Diets Supplemented with the Blue-Green Alga Spirulina maxima", "Effects of probiotics and spirulina on survival and growth of juvenile common carp (, "Evaluation of the effects of feed attractants (, "A Systematic Review of Nutritional Supplementation in HIV-Infected Children in Resource-Limited Settings". It is known by the scientific name, ‘Arthrospira platensis’. Figure 8: The effect of temperature (Cº) in photosynthesis on A.platensis cells (Vonshak, 1997) 3.4.3 Salinity 4.0 Propagation and Management 4.1. Spirulina (Arthrospira Platensis) Spirulina Benefits. It is a source of antioxidants, strengthens the immune system and improves the tone and vitality of the body.  One study reported the presence of lead up to 5.1 ppm in a sample from a commercial supplement. Arthrospira platensis has been found in environments with high concentrations of carbonate and bicarbonate. In most industrial applications, Arthrospirais used under the common name “Spirulina”, which may be easier to pronounce and remember, and thus appear more suitable from a marketing point of view.  In a 2009 position paper on vegetarian diets, the American Dietetic Association stated that spirulina is not a reliable source of active vitamin B12. Spirulina is scientifically known as Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima. Arthrospira platensis (strain NIES-39 / IAM M-135) (Spirulina platensis) When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the 'basket' to save them, so … Spirulina is a biomass of cyanobacteria that can be consumed by humans and animals. A. platensis is labeled as SPL-2 (Vonshak, 1997). , Spirulina contains no vitamin B12 naturally (see table), and spirulina supplements are not considered to be a reliable source of vitamin B12, as they contain predominantly pseudovitamin B12 (CoÎ±-[Î±-(7-adenyl)]-CoÎ²-cyanocobamide), which is biologically inactive in humans. The odor and taste of spirulina is similar to seaweed. In addition, a nutrient feed for growing it is:, Spirulina was a food source for the Aztecs and other Mesoamericans until the 16th century; the harvest from Lake Texcoco in Mexico and subsequent sale as cakes were described by one of CortÃ©s' soldiers. A. Spirulina is a spiral shaped micro-algae (Cyanobacterium) that thrives only on alkaline waters. The Aztec civilization used it as an important foodstuff. , Spirulina is a form of cyanobacterium, some of which were found to produce toxins, such as microcystins. Supports general immune health* Supports mental and physical health* WHAT IS SPIRULINA WATER EXTRACT? Under a microscope, spirulina appears as long, thin, blue-green spiral threads. Dangeard studied the dihe samples and found it to be a dried puree of the spring form of the blue-green algae from the lake.
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