Category:1978 Atlantic hurricane season. (WILX) - Yesterday Eta strengthened to a category 4 hurricane. Taking a similar path to Hurricane Fifi four years prior, Greta threatened to reproduce the devastating effects of the catastrophic storm; however, damage and loss of life was significantly less than feared. In Puerto Rico, waves up to 20 ft (6.1 m) caused significant damage and resulted in the death of one person after he did not evacuate his home. That’s extremely rare for this time of year.  Rapidly weakening over land, the hurricane deteriorated to tropical depression status over Guatemala within 12 hours of landfall. These Atlantic hurricanes reached Category 2 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak. , Although Greta did not directly track over land as a tropical storm or hurricane, the size of the system contributed to large waves, exceeding 20 ft (6.1 m) in height over a large expanse of the Atlantic.  The storm executed a counter-clockwise loop, ending on November 3, during which time numerous reconnaissance missions were flown into the system.  An increasingly well-defined eye developed while approaching the coast of Honduras as the barometric pressure quickly dropped. A tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa near Dakar, Senegal on September 7. Shortly after, Greta began to gradually weaken as it tracked over cooler waters. The storm eventually became extratropical on November 7 over the central Atlantic. Hurricane Greta was an extremely large late-season Atlantic hurricane in the 1956 Atlantic hurricane season. Impacts from the storm were felt as far away as the eastern United States. While tracking towards the Mexican coastline, the system weakened below hurricane threshold; between 19:00 and 20:00 UTC, Olivia made landfall about 60 mi (95 km) east of Salina Cruz. The storm damaged about 75% of the houses on Roatán along the offshore Bay Islands, and there was one death in the country. By October 31, the depression passed near the western edge of Soon after, the depression emerged over the warm waters of the eastern Pacific and re-intensified. There have been only three category 4 hurricanes … Hurricane Greta, later Hurricane Olivia, was one of ten named Atlantic hurricanes to cross over Central America into the eastern Pacific while remaining a tropical cyclone. Category 3 hurricane: Devastating damage will occur. , By this time, the central pressure of the depression had decreased to 998 mbar (hPa; 29.47 inHg) and gale-force winds were recorded over a large area, and the system was upgraded to a tropical storm that morning. Circle - Country Music & Lifestyle. Hurricane Greta–Olivia was one of six Atlantic hurricanes to cross over Central America into the eastern Pacific while remaining a tropical cyclone. ", "Hurricane Greta Loses Strength, Hits Belize on Journey Inland", "Winds, Rain Pound Honduras As Greta Hits Coast", "Hurricane Greta subsides after lashing two nations", The Development of the Financial System of Belize (1970-1995), Tropical Cyclone Naming History and Retired Names, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Greta–Olivia&oldid=988514575, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 17:21. After entering the eastern Pacific, the system re-intensified into a hurricane and was renamed Olivia, the eighteenth named storm of the 1978 Pacific hurricane season which weakened before landfall and dissipated over Chiapas on September 23.  Tides were 2 to 4 ft (0.61 to 1.22 m) above normal in Belize City, which caused flooding in conjunction with swollen rivers. Many villages were isolated and communication with them was severely hampered. By the afternoon of November 1, the depression had moved through the central Bahamas and turned towards the northeast. Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS) Duration: August 26 – August 31: Peak intensity: 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min) 968 mbar The GLHC began to monitor an area of disturbed weather in Lake Michigan on August 25. After reaching peak winds of 130 mph (215 km/h) that day, Greta weakened while paralleling the northern Honduras coast just offshore. Later that day, it is estimated the system developed into a tropical depression about 75 mi (120 km) west-northwest of Trinidad, based on ship and land reports.  In the offshore Bay Islands, the hurricane destroyed 26 houses on Guanaja, where many roofs were lost and several boats were destroyed. According to the National Hurricane Center’s Wednesday afternoon update, Zeta strengthened into a very strong Category 2 hurricane with sustained winds of … (Source: WBTV) The National Hurricane Center said Monday afternoon that Zeta has strengthened into a hurricane with 80 mph winds. The Tactical Air Command had sent two squadrons to Central America in the middle of 1978, and in response to the request from Honduras, two aircraft delivered over 100,000 lb (45,000 kg) of cots, water, and generators; the units also deployed a 13–person crew who specialized in disaster relief.  With a ridge to the north along the 30th parallel, the storm moved quickly west-northwestward across the Caribbean. Hurricane Greta originated out of a tropical disturbance in the Intertropical Convergence Zone near Jamaica on October 30, 1956. By November 2, the system began producing gale-force winds around the low pressure area; however, winds near the center of circulation were calm.  In Honduras, meteorologists estimated that upwards of 15 in (380 mm) of rain fell in mountainous regions. The system was compared to that of a Kona low, a large-scale subtropical cyclone that forms near Hawaii. According to the National Hurricane Center’s Wednesday afternoon update, Zeta strengthened into a very strong Category 2 hurricane with sustained winds of 110 mph as it approached the Gulf Coast. Hurricane Greta (Previously Tropical Depression Eight) ... Category 2 hurricane 100 (155) 984 Mexico, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina 3,700 (2018 USD) 736 Nona October 13 - October 19 Category 3 hurricane 115 (185) 968 Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands 2,800 (2018 USD) 453 Odette November 24 - November 26 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1003 none none 0 Season Aggregates 16 … Around this time, the system was classified as a tropical depression. Early on September 23, Olivia dissipated over the Mexican state of Chiapas. By November 3, the system intensified into a tropical storm and was named Greta. Svenska: Orkaner i Atlanten under 1978.  The Honduran government put its military, police, and Red Cross on standby in advance of the storm, due to fears of a repeat of Hurricane Fifi in 1974. , The World Meteorological Organization and the National Hurricane Center list Greta in the retired hurricane name list. The NWS also stated Iota was the latest category 5 hurricane … Categories 4 Sustained Winds 130–156 mph (113–136 kt) Category 1 hurricanes have the lowest wind speeds at 74-95 miles per hour. Early on November 6, Greta weakened to a Category 3 hurricane and continued accelerating to the west-northwest.  Despite the hurricane damage, the economy of Belize continued to grow after Greta struck, including an increase in banana production. Later that day, it is estimated the system developed into a tropical depression about 75 mi (120 km) west-northwest of Trinidad, based on ship and land reports.  Later that day, the first scientific mission into a hurricane with two planes took place when two research aircraft flew into Greta. Based on observations from nearby ships and radar, it is estimated Olivia attained minimal hurricane status early on September 22.  On the offshore Ambergris Caye, winds reached 60 mph (97 km/h), and there was heavy rainfall. English: 1978 Atlantic hurricane season. SPECIAL SECTION: … Deutsch: Atlantische Hurrikansaison 1978.  Along the Belize Barrier Reef, the hurricane downed palm trees and produced high waves, with significant wave heights of about 33 ft (10 m) along Carrie Bow Caye.  On Half Moon Caye, the hurricane damaged the base of a lighthouse and knocked over several coconut trees. Hurricane Greta was the largest Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, with tropical storm-force winds spanning an area 1,200 miles (1,930 km) wide. MERIDIAN, Miss. SARASOTA, Fla. (WWSB) - UPDATE: Hurricane Eta is now a major Category 3 hurricane with winds of 120 mph. Investigate TV. Iota became the sixth major hurricane of the season, or a hurricane that has reached Category 3 status or greater on the Saffir-Simpson wind scale, and it follows Laura, Teddy, Delta, Epsilon and Eta. Winds along the northern Honduras coast were diminished due to the eyewall passing to the north.  The strong winds destroyed 50 houses there and unroofed a further 75, including damage to the hospital.  Along the coast of Jacksonville, Florida alone, coastal structures sustained roughly $1.2 million (1956 USD; $9.6 million 2009 USD) in damages. This storm will …  These advanced warnings helped reduce fatalities. around 4 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 28, 2020 as a strong Category 2 hurricane. Hurricane Greta was an extremely large late-season Atlantic hurricane in the 1956 Atlantic hurricane season. The seventh named storm of the 1978 Atlantic hurricane season, Greta formed from a tropical wave just northwest of Trinidad on September 13, and despite being in a climatologically unfavorable area, gradually intensified while moving west-northwestward. Tuesday night, the Category 2 hurricane crawled inland from the coast, about 45 miles (70 kilometers) west-southwest of coastal Puerto Cabezas or Bilwi, and it … After initially moving to the north, Olivia began executing a slow counterclockwise loop. Category 5 hurricanes have the strongest winds at 157 miles per hour or higher. Hurricanes Opal (1995), Ivan (2004), and Irene (2011) were all Category 3 hurricanes when they made landfall. On nearby Roatán, about 75% of the houses lost their roofs after experiencing wind gusts of 80 mph (130 km/h). Pages in category "Category 2 Atlantic hurricanes" The following 76 pages are in this category, out of 76 total. Hurricane Mitch began as a tropical depression on October 22, 1998 and by October 26 had intensified into a Category 5 hurricane. , Early in its duration, Greta produced heavy rainfall in the Netherlands Antilles, but the strongest winds remained north of the island. On September 19, it made landfall on Belize near Dangriga and quickly weakened into a tropical depression while crossing Guatemala and southeastern Mexico. With Toby Kebbell, Maggie Grace, Ryan Kwanten, Ralph Ineson.  At 00:00 UTC on September 20, the Eastern Pacific Hurricane Center (EPHC) took over responsibility for issuing advisories while Greta was 30 mi (50 km) from the coast. Eta hit Nicaragua last week as a Category 4 hurricane, killing at least 120 people as torrential rains brought flash floods and landslides to parts of Central America and Mexico. This makes it the first category 5 storm of the busy 2020 Atlantic hurricane. 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