Kantner has cited folk groups like the Kingston Trio and the Weavers as strong early influences. • Paul Kantner – rhythm guitar, vocals (1965–1972, 1989, 1996; died 2016) Formed in mid-1965, the group originally featured Marty Balin (vocals, rhythm guitar), Signe Toly Anderson (vocals), Jorma Kaukonen (lead guitar, vocals), Paul Kantner (rhythm guitar, vocals), Bob Harvey (double bass) and Jerry Peloquin (drums). Dryden was replaced by Hot Tuna drummer Joey Covington, who had already contributed additional percussion to Volunteers and performed select engagements with the Airplane as a touring second drummer in 1969. They were headliners at the Monterey Pop Festival (1967), Woodstock (1969), Altamont Free Concert (1969), and the first Isle of Wight Festival (1968) in England. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Between 1974 and 1984, they released eight gold or platinum selling studio albums, and had nine top 40 singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. In September 1969, Kaukonen and Casady played a week of acoustic-based concerts at the New Orleans House in Berkeley, California, as Hot Tuna; recordings culled from this engagement were released as the band's eponymous debut album in 1970. A new live album, Thirty Seconds Over Winterland, was culled from the tour and released in April 1973. Balin had a chance meeting with folk musician Paul Kantner and the two set off on a mission t… 17.  It covers the years 1965–1972 and includes then-recent interviews with band members and thirteen complete songs. The album rose to No. Slick's recruitment proved pivotal to the Airplane's commercial breakthrough—she possessed a powerful and supple contralto voice that complemented Balin's and was well-suited to the group's amplified psychedelic music, and, a former model, her good looks and stage presence greatly enhanced the group's live impact. and Paul Kantner its most enduring member, the band was founded by Marty Balin. 30 on the U.S. album chart. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. These edits were reflected in the printed lyrics that accompanied the album. This edition of Jefferson Starship (such as it was) included members of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young ( David Crosby and Graham Nash) and members of Grateful Dead ( Jerry Garcia, Phil Lesh, Bill Kreutzmann, and Mickey Hart ), as well as some of the remaining members of Jefferson Airplane ( … Following the traumatic death of Janis Joplin, he began to pursue a healthier lifestyle; Balin's study of yoga and abstention from drugs and alcohol further distanced him from the other members of the group, whose drug intake continued unabated. The band got its start in 1965 in the city of San Francisco, California, when Marty Balin, a fledgling singer, began his search in forming a band to play in his club. Although he had remained a key part of live performances after the band's creative direction shifted from the brooding love songs that he specialized in, the evolution of the polarized Kantner/Slick and Kaukonen/Casady cliques—compounded by an emerging drinking problem—had finally left him the odd man out. ", The Winterland shows were the last live performances by Jefferson Airplane until their reunion in 1989. Consequently, while the band played several dates in August in support of Bark (including two concerts in the New York metropolitan area and a show apiece in Detroit and Philadelphia), no tour was planned. In February 1968, manager Bill Graham was fired after Grace Slick delivered an "either he goes or I go" ultimatum. He took time off before returning to music the following year as Mickey Hart's replacement in the New Riders of the Purple Sage. Their roots date back to the year 1965 and by 1967 (mostly because of the Monterey International Pop Festival and the proclamation of the Summer of Love) they had gained stardom.  The band expanded from its folk roots, drawing inspiration from the Beatles, the Byrds and the Lovin' Spoonful, and gradually developed a more pop-oriented electric sound. They released their only album, KBC Band, in 1987 on Arista Records. Following a private concert/party commemorating the formation of Grunt Records at San Francisco's Friends and Relations Hall in September, the band would not reconvene until several Midwestern engagements in January 1972. 20 in the United States and was the first rock album nominated for the Hugo Award. 12 on the Billboard album chart. The groovy Jefferson Airplane became the spacey Jefferson Starship, which became the overproduced '80s soft rock band Starship. These problems continued to be exacerbated by the band's escalating cocaine use and Slick's alcohol use disorder. Although RCA would not acknowledge Garcia's considerable contributions to the album with a production credit, he is listed in the album's credits as "spiritual advisor.".  The new album was finally released in the United States in November 1969 with the title shortened to Volunteers. Jack Casady and Jorma Kaukonen continue to record and tour as Hot Tuna. A second reformation followed at the band's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction in 1996. " The event became notorious for the fatal stabbing of black teenager Meredith Hunter in front of the stage by Hells Angels "guards" after he pulled out a revolver during the Stones' performance. From October 1969 to November 1970, Hot Tuna (also including Balin and, following Kantner's departure, a dedicated rhythm guitarist in their electric performances until November 1970) performed as the opening act to Jefferson Airplane with a combination of both electric and acoustic sets. The first album Slick recorded with Jefferson Airplane was Surrealistic Pillow, and Slick provided two songs from her previous group: her own "White Rabbit" and "Somebody to Love", written by her brother-in-law Darby Slick. In September 1971, Bark was released. Manager Bill Thompson had struck a deal with RCA to allow Jefferson Airplane to run Grunt Records as they saw fit while retaining RCA's distribution. On December 10, 1965, the Airplane played at the first Bill Graham-promoted show at the Fillmore Auditorium, supported by the Great Society and others. "Marty Balin, co-founder of Jefferson Airplane, dies at 76", "This is Dedicated to the Women We Love From Shirelles to Gladys Knight, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Dinner Swells with the Feminine Mystique After Its Years of Guys with Guitars", "Jefferson Airplane: Biography & History", "Signe Anderson, Jefferson Airplane Singer, Dies at 74", "Joey Covington, Jefferson Airplane Drummer, Dead at 67", "The Jefferson Airplane Chronicles: Part Six, Marty Balin", "Last Flight - Jefferson Airplane: Songs, Reviews, Credits", "Jefferson Airplane - Jefferson Airplane: Songs, Reviews, Credits", "Review/Rock; Reunited Jefferson Airplane: Still Loose, Still Utopian", "9. It was their most political venture, showcasing the group's vocal opposition to the Vietnam War and documenting their reaction to the changing political atmosphere in the United States. Jefferson Airplane held together long enough to record one more album, entitled Long John Silver, begun in April 1972 and released in July. Kaukonen was invited to jam with the new band, and although initially reluctant to join, he was won over after playing his guitar through a tape delay device that was part of the sound system used by Ken Kesey for his Acid Test parties. Kaukonen, Casady, Kantner and drummer Joey Covington played several shows around San Francisco, including the Airplane's original club, The Matrix, before Jefferson Airplane resumed performing. The group made its first public appearance as Jefferson Airplane at the opening night of The Matrix on August 13, 1965. , Jorma Kaukonen and Jack Casady performed a set at the 2015 Lockn' Festival to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Jefferson Airplane. Monterey showcased leading bands from several major music "scenes" including New York, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and the United Kingdom, and the resulting TV and film coverage gave national (and international) exposure to groups that had previously had only regional fame. It was Thompson, a friend and staunch supporter of the band and a former Chronicle staffer, who had convinced reviewers Ralph Gleason and John Wasserman to see the band at the Longshoreman's Hall. Released in February 1967, the LP entered the Billboard 200 album chart on March 25 and remained there for over a year, peaking at No. RCA Victor initially pressed only 15,000 copies, but it sold more than 10,000 in San Francisco alone, prompting the label to reprint it. In October 1965, after the other members decided that Bob Harvey's bass playing was not up to par, he was replaced by guitarist-bassist Jack Casady, an old friend of Kaukonen from Washington, D.C. Casady played his first gig with the Airplane at a college concert in Berkeley, California, two weeks after he arrived in San Francisco. In 1989, the classic 1966-1970 lineup of Jefferson Airplane reunited (with the exception of drummer Spencer Dryden) for a tour and album. , 1998 saw the production and broadcast of a very popular episode of the hit VH1 documentary television series Behind The Music about Jefferson Airplane, directed by Bob Sarles. 14 of 28 Jorma Kaukonen and Jack Casady of Hot Tuna, and an original members of Jefferson Airplane. It has been frequently re-screened and is notable for its pioneering use of the Chroma key process to simulate the Airplane's psychedelic light show. Thanks to Gleason's influence, Thompson was able to book the group for appearances at the Berkeley Folk Festival and at the Monterey Jazz Festival.  The name "Surrealistic Pillow" was suggested by the album's "shadow producer," Jerry Garcia, when he mentioned that, as a whole, the album sounded "as surrealistic as a pillow is soft." 13 and attaining a RIAA gold certification early in 1970. Jefferson Airplane seems to be the nickname of an ingenious tool that can be made at home, consisting of a lucifer split at one end, burnt or not. Slick, Kantner, and the remaining members of Jefferson Airplane recruited new members and regrouped as Jefferson Starship in 1974, with Marty Balin eventually joining them. After 1972, Jefferson Airplane effectively split into two groups. Blows Against the Empire peaked at No.  The roster remained stable until February 1970, when Dryden left Jefferson Airplane. The San Francisco group had been scheduled to perform the night before, a Saturday, but delay upon delay … , A few days after the band headlined at a free concert in New York's Central Park in August 1969, they performed in what Grace Slick characterized as the "morning maniac music" slot at the Woodstock Festival, for which the group was joined by noted British session keyboard player Nicky Hopkins. The first single from the album, Spence's "My Best Friend", failed to chart, but the next two singles rocketed the group to prominence. Jefferson Airplane founding member Marty Balin passed away on September 27, 2018, leaving behind a musical legacy that will no doubt excite and delight generations of music lovers to come. Through [-] each song, there remain strains of the individual styles of the musicians [creating] unusual breadth and original interplay within each structure"..  Kaukonen and Casady returned to performing with Hot Tuna full time, while the remaining five members (Kantner, Slick, Freiberg, Barbata and Creach), would add new members and regroup under the name Jefferson Starship in January 1974.  "Triad", a David Crosby composition, had been rejected by The Byrds because they deemed its subject matter (a ménage à trois) to be too "hot." A few tracks recorded for the LP were left off the album but later included as bonus tracks, including the Grace Slick/Frank Zappa collaboration "Would You Like A Snack?". , Balin and Kantner then recruited other musicians to form the house band at the Matrix. 6 on the album chart. Gleason's support raised the band's profile considerably, and within three months their manager Matthew Katz was fielding offers from recording companies, although they had yet to perform outside the Bay Area. Group Members. After Surrealistic Pillow, the group's music underwent a significant transformation. Psychedelic rockis rock music influenced by the mind-altering drug culture very prevalent during the 1960s and early 1970s. '", Drummer Jerry Peloquin and acoustic bassist Bob Harvey completed the original lineup. Slick's searing sexual and social-commentary anthem "Greasy Heart" was released as a single in March 1968. This project featured his fellow Jefferson Airplane members Slick, Casady and latter-day member David Freiberg, as well as other artists from the Grateful Dead and Santana. The best-known tracks include "Volunteers," "We Can Be Together," "Good Shepherd," and the post-apocalyptic "Wooden Ships," which Paul Kantner co-wrote with David Crosby and Stephen Stills, and which Crosby, Stills & Nash also recorded on their debut album. Spencer Dryden was dismissed from the band in February 1970 by a unanimous vote of the other members. In the same song, they also switched the lyric "Don't tell me you want money" to "Don't tell me it ain't funny". Kantner and Balin were also member of Jefferson Airplane.  A recording of the performance was in 2010 released as a live album, subtitled Signe’s Farewell.. The dual and sometimes triple voice harmony was their trademark. 68) or Sunfighter (No. Kantner, who played rhythm guitar, sang and wrote songs for both bands, had suffered a heart …  He felt burned out by four years on the "acid merry-go-round" and was deeply disillusioned by the events of Altamont, which, he later recalled, "did not look like a bunch of happy hippies in streaming colors.  After continuing to tour throughout 1970, founding member Balin left Jefferson Airplane in April 1971 due to "long-standing ego clashes" with Kantner and Slick, as well as differing lifestyle choices and the death of Janis Joplin, which he explains "struck [him]". Members of the Hells Angels gang, acting as both security and hoodlums, jump the stage with Jorma Kaukonen of the Jefferson Airplane on Dec. 6, 1969 at Altamont. In 1962, 20-year-old Marty Balin recorded two singles for Challenge Records, neither of which was successful. Unlike the highly homogenized harmonies of the Beach Boys, Airplane never strived for a synthesis of its divergent sensibilities. I got a silly band name for you! Other guests on that same episode were David Crosby, Stephen Stills, and Joni Mitchell. He briefly moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1964 to work in a folk duo with future Airplane/Starship member David Freiberg (who subsequently joined Quicksilver Messenger Service). 20 in the United States, a significantly higher placement than Burgers (No. The quintessential San Francisco psychedelic band and a defining force in pop before turning toward political statements in the late '60s. A list of the different lineups of Jefferson Airplane with membership changes in each subsequent entry in bold. The album's release was delayed when the band ran into conflict with their label over the content of songs such as "We Can Be Together" and the planned title of the album, Volunteers of Amerika. Marty Balin was knocked out during a scuffle with Hells Angels members who had been hired to act as "security. Recorded over a period of more than four months, with little input from nominal producer Al Schmitt, the new album demonstrated the group's growing engagement with psychedelic rock. It looked more like sepia-toned Hieronymus Bosch." Touring continued throughout 1970, but the group's only new recording that year was the single "Mexico" b/w "Have You Seen the Saucers?". They appropriated the name from Kantner's Blows Against the Empire, with Bill Thompson convincing the group that maintaining the connection was prudent from a business standpoint. Jefferson Airplane performing "Somebody To Love" at the most famous music festival "Woodstock" in 1969. Smith, Rachael Price, Larry Campbell and Teresa Williams.  Marty Balin left the band in 1971. (Kaukonen's "Third Week In The Chelsea," from Bark, chronicles the thoughts he was having about leaving the band.) , Marty Balin died on September 27, 2018. In the meantime, Slick recorded a comic song ("Never Argue with a German If You're Tired or European Song") about the incident for the new album. Grace Slick and Paul Kantner had begun a relationship during 1970, and on January 25, 1971, their daughter China Wing Kantner ("Wing" was Slick's maiden name) was born. Balin was also reportedly becoming increasingly disenchanted with the "star trips" and inflated egos generated by the band's runaway commercial success. While Grace Slick is the face of Jefferson Airplane (et al.) Despite middling reviews, the album rose to No. Following the Grateful Dead's withdrawal from the program, they became the only band to perform at all three of the iconic rock festivals of the 1960s—Altamont, Monterey Pop, and Woodstock. Balin had co-founded Jefferson Airplane with Paul Kantner, and the Airplane roster also included Grace Slick, David Freiberg, and Papa John Creach at various points during that band’s existence. Around this time, Slick and Kantner formed the group Jefferson Starship, which featured some of members of the Jefferson Airplane. In August 1967, the Airplane performed in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, at two free outdoor concerts, along with fellow San Francisco Bay Area band The Grateful Dead. The other members, gravitating toward a harder-edged style, openly criticized Balin for his ballad-oriented compositions. In February 1969, RCA released the live album Bless Its Pointed Little Head, which was culled from 1968 performances at the Fillmore West on October 24–26 and the Fillmore East on November 28–30.
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