These trees are sometimes confused because of similar compound leaf shape and occurrence in the same disturbed habitats. It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, and fencerows. Each flower is about 5mm (1/4") across, consisting of 5 spreading petals, a calyx with 5 lobes, 5 stamens, and a central pistil. Branches display U-shaped leaf scars in winter. Staghorn sumac grows in an open form that can grow up to 7 metres (25') tall and can be as equally wide. Poison sumac has white berries that droop down, smooth-edged leaves, and smooth bark. Small tree or large shrub; rarely grows taller than 40 feet (13.7m) Trunk is shorter, branching frequently. Foliage does not have a strong smell even when crushed. Bark is typically smooth and dark brown. Short-tongued bees, flies, and wasps visit the flowers for pollen, while carpenter bees occasionally burrow into the stems. Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is a sparse ly branched shrub not more than 15 feet tall. The bark, leaves and fruit are all rich with tannin and thus used to tan hides. It is usually taller than our other sumacs, typically growing 15 to 25 feet high. As I began to search around, I found a few good sources that had successfully used Staghorn Sumac in place of European Sumac as a spice and I knew I had to try it. Neutral: On Oct 12, 2001, Joy from Kalama, WA (Zone 8b) wrote: Staghorn sumac is a large, open, spreading shrub or small tree. It has a very peculiar scent, rather agreable. It is also known to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. One of the easiest deciduous shrubs to identify throughout the year, especially mid to late summer, staghorn sumac is in the anacardiaceae (cashew) family. Native Americans also use the fruits of smooth sumac and staghorn sumac (R. glabra and R. typhina) to make a beverage known as sumac-ade, Indian lemonade or rhus juice. Staghorn Sumac Anacardiaceae. A fast-growing tree, native to east Asia, and widely introduced across North America. The bark on young parts is thin, smooth, and dark brown to yellowish-brown with prominent lenticels. Family: Anacardiaceae. Staghorn sumac–a taller tree. This and other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes. Leaflet margin is serrated along its whole length. Fast cover for bank stabilization. Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, and about 300 species of songbirds include sumac fruit in their diet. It grows to about 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a flat top. The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. The fruiting head is a compact cluster of round, red, hairy fruits called drupes. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. It seems to be more tolerant of heavier soils than the other two species. Winged sumac has little flange-like things that run the length of the leaf stem between the leaflets– similar to what one sees in burning bush or wingstem. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Place sumac heads in a large preserving pot, cover the fruit with cold water and pound it (Jigs uses a heavy wooden mallet) for about 10 minutes until an extraction of juice is apparent. Quote. The bark of a young staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. Staghorn sumac is an open land species often found on drier soils, but which may occasionally occur on low ground. Mature bark dark gray or gray-brown, with horizontal strips (lenticels.) The bark of a young staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). It is also known to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. They can be easily distinguished at any time of year by leaves, twigs, bark, and fruit. It is native to states farther east and north of Missouri. Tiger Eyes® Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina ‘Bailtiger’) is among the group of plants that elicit a strong reaction from gardeners; they either love it or they hate it.There is no middle ground. Since this Instructable deals with power tools and knives, work with caution and wear safety equipment when necessary. Each cluster of drupes can contain anywhere from 100 to 700 seeds. Lois Franz Member. Click. There’s nothing like a tasty plant that just loves to … Typical habitats include open fields, roadsides, fence rows, and parkland. Medium-sized tree, reaching 60-70 feet (18-21m) in height. The tangy, acidic taste gave the tree its other common name: the vinegar tree. From what I have seen, Smooth Sumac is the most common species found in the wild in the Southeastern part of the state. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. Wood - Roots and inner bark used as a dye. "Sumac serves primarily as a winter emergency food for wildlife. It appear to be trying to die. List of key staghorn tree facts. It’s large, red, fuzzy seed structures may be 10” long. Caterpillars of many moths and butterflies eat the foliage. browse/bark. It is crafted from 1" pine boards stained a dark color and lightly coated with a spray Satin Polyurethane. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), also known as velvet sumac, is a deciduous tree or shrub with distinctive red seed cones. The rubbing of an antler leaves ragged bits of bark at both the top and bottom of the rub. The leaves are alternate and contain 11-31 toothed leaflets. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). The fruit has a citrusy yet sour flavour that is best enjoyed as a beverage. Fortunately, poison sumac is also a fairly rare plant, and it only grows in very marshy or watery soils. It is native to eastern North America and is primarily found in southeastern Canada. General Product Information: Item Number: RHUTYP01 Species Type: Native Product Categories: Pollinator Favorites, Woody Trees, Shrubs & Vines Classification: Woody Deciduous Shrub Characteristics: Single-crown. On one hand, it’s a spreader/colonizer that requires de-suckering. In addition, staghorn lowers ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol and fats in the blood. Fruits are hairy, red, and arranged in a pyramidal structure. A few studies show it lowers total cholesterol. The bark of black walnut (Juglans nigra) is very different than its look-alikes, developing ridges and furrows even on small trees (Photo by Ryan Davis). They can be easily distinguished at any time of year by leaves, twigs, bark, and fruit. native to Canada down through the United States; zone 4 ; Habit and Form. Description: Shrub or small tree, 1.22-4.47 meters (4-15ft) high. Staghorn Sumac, PA Ecotype. Staghorn sumac. As it ages it becomes slightly scaly. Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. The fruit, bark and leaves were used to tan hides and the fruits are edible in small quantities. The leaves and fruit were boiled down to make ink and dried leaves were used for smoking. Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac are all native to Wisconsin. Staghorn has been studied for its medicinal benefits. Younger branches tend to be brown and smooth. Greenish-yellow, panicles of flowers 4 to 8 inches long bloom in midsummer, then turn crimson red and become packed with fruit by summer's end. Both grow similar stacks of closely clustered, fuzzy red drupes and, as I began to learn about the Staghorn Sumac that grew around me, I began to learn that it also has a long culinary usage. Its brittle branches snap in heavy wind. I esitmate the tree's age to be at least 17 years old. It is found from New England south to Georgia west to Michigan, Iowa, Missouri and Mississippi. Only shrubs that are 3 to 4 years old can produce the fruit. The large clustered seed pods attract a variety of wildlife into the winter months. The brownish bark has tiny, whitish hairs that are very apparent in winter. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. Medicinal - Some Rhus species are used as tea for internal disorders, mouthwash, and constipation. (Although on average they are about half that.) It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. But as it is totally different from pine pitch scent and other common natural perfumes, it seems strange and even "scary"). The bark provides winter food for cottontail rabbits; the red fruit is a source of emergency winter food for birds, including wild turkey. Trunk rarely reaches more than 10 inches (25 cm) in diameter.
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