sweet gum tree facts

Gum trees can grow in moderately moist soil conditions, but they prefer wet bottomland areas along creeks and river banks. Gum is used for basketry, barrels and items such as wooden bowls and boxes. Best offers for your garden - http://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/1Wy5buU ----- Sweet Gum Tree Facts. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Yellowish-green flowers develop in late spring and are not particularly showy. Description of sweet gum tree: The sweet gum has a pyramidal habit when young, eventually becoming rounded and tall -- up to more than 100 feet. Liquidambar styraciflua, commonly called the American sweetgum, sweet-gum, alligator-wood, American-storax, bilsted, red-gum, satin-walnut, or star-leaved gum, is a deciduous tree native to warm temperate areas of eastern North America. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Uses for a Sweet Gum Tree. The trees are tapped for liquidambar balm, though a more fragrant gum is collected from the Oriental, or Turkish, sweet gum (L. orientalis). American sweetgums (Liquidambar styraciflua) are part of the Witch Hazel family. The American sweet gum tree, Liquidambar styraciflua, grows in eastern woodlands from southern Connecticut to northern Illinois to Texas to central Florida. Several species are grown as ornamental trees for their showy fall foliage. Corrections? American sweet gum is also known as redgum, gumtree, star-leaved gum and alligator wood. Sweet gums are large trees that bear alternate, sharply (three- to seven-lobed) palmate leaves. All Rights Reserved. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). NOW 50% OFF! It grows in an oval, somewhat pyramidal shape. The American sweet gum, or bilsted (Liquidambar styraciflua), which sometimes reaches 45 metres (150 feet) in moist lowlands but is usually half that height at maturity, is grown for its handsome foliage, shade, and scarlet autumnal colour. In comparison the mildly bitter Sweet Gum is definitely sweeter. Sweetgum, Confederate Native Becoming Yankee Favorite. Summary of Sweetgum facts Name – Liquidambar styraciflua Older trees can be recognized by rounded or oval crowns. Interesting American sweetgum Facts: American sweetgum can reach 60 to 100 feet in height. Provides brilliant fall color, with leaves turning vibrant shades of yellow, orange, red and purple. The American sweet gum tree, Liquidambar styraciflua, grows in eastern woodlands from southern Connecticut to northern Illinois to Texas to central Florida. Each capsule contains several … Sweet gum wood is the second most utilized commercial wood in the United States, after oak. The gumballs cling to the tree throughout the winter and drop to the ground in the spring. This article reviews 7 impressive benefits of eucalyptus leaves. The American sweetgum tree reaches 60 to 70 feet at full maturity, with a 45-foot spread. Leaves commonly measure 7 inches across. Sweetgum Tree, Facts on Sweetgum Trees. Sweet gums are native to North America and Asia and are valued as a source of resin and timber. Sweet gum leaves are glossy and dark green in the summer. 1. The only edible part of the tree is the dried sap which makes a fragrant, bitter chewing gum. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Altingiaceae, the sweet gum family, consists of the genus. It is also valued for its heartwood, called red gum or satin walnut, which is used for quality furniture. Sweet gum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua) are a common sight in the eastern United States and in several Central American and southern Mexican regions. Young Sweetgum. The sweetgum is a fast-growing tree that develops a significant taproot that tolerate high moisture levels in soil. This name was derived from the tree’s innate property of secreting a resin-like substance. The sweetgum is spectacular in autumn, with leaves turning orange and flame-red before falling. Still, its persistence in cultivation can make for one of the most beautiful fall red leaf colors. The bark is grayish brown and deeply furrowed. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The star-shaped, glossy green leaves have a pleasant smell if crushed. The fruits are spiny dark brown balls known as an aggregate of capsules. The trunk of a mature gum tree may be five feet in diameter. The brilliant fall colors and large, spreading size make sweet gum a sought-after species of shade tree for landscaping. The deeply cut grey or brownish-grey bark forms winged projections on … Purchase a proven cultivar for the best results including 'Sheffield Park', 'Autumn Cascade' and 'Bernheim Select'. Its called Sweet Gum to separate it from a different species altogether, the Black Gum, Nyssa sylvatica, which is extremely sour and bitter. Slender Silhouette is a beanpole of a plant, growing 50 feet tall or higher, with a spread of 5 feet at the base. Wetland Status. Sweet gum tree leaves have five to seven pointed lobes, and their shape will remind you of a star. This tree: Features star-shaped leaves with 5 lobes (occasionally 7) that are lustrous medium green in color, toothed along the margins and 4–7½" in length. Because the black gum tree begins to decay from the top down as it ages, this eventually makes the towering giant hollow. It is also used for paper and pulp products. Black gum can be a slow grower but does best on moist, acid soils. The Trunk If your sweet gum is too tall to spray, or if you don't want to attempt spraying a small tree, you can stop fruit … The plants produce upright spikes of greenish male flowers and round drooping clusters of female flowers on the same tree. Special Concern. Yields long-stemmed, woody, burr-like fruit that is approximately 1½" in … Liquidambar styraciflua is a medium-sized to large tree, growing anywhere from 50–70 feet (15–21 m) in cultivation and up to 150 feet (46 m) in the wild, with a trunk up 2–3 feet (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, on average. ► It thrives well in both acidic soil and alkaline soil, and ponds and streams are its predominant areas. Sweetgum (Liquidambar) is a genus of four species of flowering plants in the family Altingiaceae, though formerly often treated in the Hamamelidaceae. Fern Fischer's print and online work has appeared in publications such as Midwest Gardening, Dolls, Workbasket, Quilts for Today and Cooking Fresh. Sweet gum trees are native to the eastern U.S., but grow well throughout U.S. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The distinctive seed pods are one way to easily identify a sweet gum tree. ► The tree ranges between 80 to 150 feet in … Trunk can reach around 3 feet in diameter. Other common names include gum trees, redgum, satin-walnut, star-leaved gum, alligator-wood, hazel pine, and American storax. Fact Sheet ST-358 November 1993 Liquidambar styraciflua Figure 1. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree Sweet Gum Description. Its rotted-out trunks are most often used for bee hives rather than firewood. The bark is furrowed, rough and scaly, hence the nickname alligator wood. A sweet gum is a deciduous tree in the witch hazel family that ranges in height from 60 to 100... Site Requirements for Sweet Gum. The American sweet gum tree was so named because of the amber-colored, resinous sweet sap that was scraped from the inside of the bark to produce a chewing gum-like substance. Facts Sweet-gum is a handsome native tree that reaches the northern edge of its range in New England. American sweetgum can reach 80 feet in height at maturity, with a spread of about 60 feet. Their fall color lasts much longer than most other trees. The plants produce upright spikes of greenish male flowers and round drooping clusters of female flowers on the same tree. Sweet gum leaves are glossy and dark green in the summer. Stems often have corky and attractive wings during the second year. American sweetgum has dark grey bark covered with scaly ridges. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Illinois State Museum: Trees: Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), The Assateague Naturalist: Sweetgum Tree (Liquidambar styraciflua). sweet gum. Native Americans and pioneers also used the sap for a number of medicinal purposes. Sweet gum leaves are glossy and dark green in the summer. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sweet-gum, University of Kentucky - Department of Horticulture - Sweetgum, How Stuff Works - Home and Garden - Sweet Gum Tree. Sweet gum trees may reach heights from 80 to 150 feet, and they may spread to 45 feet wide. Before deciding to plant a sweet gum tree in your yard, remember that many people consider the multitude of gumballs to be a nuisance to keep cleaned up. 2. Sweet gum seed pods, sometimes called gumballs, are spiny orbs produced from the clusters of small flowers that appear in spring. New interactive map singer-songwriter Arno Sojo and ponds and streams are its predominant areas column about the same.. Than most other trees which are five-lobed and shaped like stars, provide excellent fall foliage timber... 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