where is morocco located

The Almohad Caliph Abu Yakub had a great love for collecting books. Political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature in 1997 and Morocco's first opposition-led government came to power in 1998. Morocco, mountainous country of western North Africa that lies directly across the Strait of Gibraltar from Spain. By the same treaty, Spain assumed the role of protecting power over the northern and southern Saharan zones. Morocco's relationships vary greatly between African, Arab, and Western states. After the outbreak of the Berber Revolt in 739, the Berbers formed other independent states such as the Miknasa of Sijilmasa and the Barghawata. Two main factors gave Morocco a pulse toward witnessing the birth of a modern literature. [183] Morocco has also some of prestigious postgraduate schools, including: l'Institut National des Postes et Télécommunication (INPT), École Nationale Supérieure d'Électricité et de Mecanique (ENSEM), EMI, ISCAE, INSEA, National School of Mineral Industry, École Hassania des Travaux Publics, Les Écoles nationales de commerce et de gestion, École supérieure de technologie de Casablanca. [63], The Barbary lion, hunted to extinction in the wild, was a subspecies native to Morocco and is a national emblem. Morocco is a country in North Africa, located in the Maghreb. The country's goal is to generate 42% of its energy from renewables by 2020. As of 2006[update], no UN member state has recognised Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara. [118], The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research is supporting research in advanced technologies and the development of innovative cities in Fez, Rabat and Marrakesh. Most of the population lives to the north of these mountains, while to the south lies the Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony that was annexed by Morocco in 1975 (see Green March). Morocco unveiled an autonomy blueprint for Western Sahara to the United Nations in 2007. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Madeira to the north is controlled by Portugal. Botanically speaking, Morocco enjoys a great variety of vegetation, from lush large forests of conifer and oak trees typical of the western Mediterranean countries (Morocco, Algeria, Italy, Spain, France and Portugal), to shrubs and acacias further south. [172] Six years later, Mohammed Ousfour would create the first Moroccan movie, Le fils maudit ("The Damned Son"). GENERAL INFORMATION: Located in Northwest Africa with Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines, Morocco has currently been attracting interest from … This has improved since, however, and in 2017, Morocco was upgraded to being a "hybrid regime" according to the Democracy Index in 2017 and the Freedom of the Press report in 2017 found that Morocco was "partly free".[70]. Morocco maps; Cities of Morocco. Spanish is spoken mainly in North Morocco with about 5 million Moroccans, English is the third most spoken foreign language with 2 million speakers, most of them graduates. Adding Western Sahara, Morocco lies mostly between 21° and 36°N, and 1° and 17°W (the Ras Nouadhibou peninsula is slightly south of 21° and west of 17°). Morocco is home to Andalusian classical music that is found throughout Northwest Africa. There were renewed tensions in 2005, as hundreds of African migrants tried to storm the borders of the Spanish enclaves of Melilla and Ceuta. / Where is Morocco Located in The World? The Rif Mountains are located in the north of the country. Marrakesh is located in Morocco (Marrakech, Marrakesh-Safi) and time zone Africa/Casablanca. [80], Morocco is officially divided into 12 regions,[81] which, in turn, are subdivided into 62 provinces and 13 prefectures. The Barbary macaque, a primate endemic to Morocco and Algeria, is also facing extinction due to offtake for trade[66] human interruption, urbanisation, wood and real estate expansion that diminish forested area – the macaque's habitat. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. A big part of the daily meal is bread. Participants accused the government of failing to deliver on reforms. The Saharawi group Polisario maintains an active militia of an estimated 5,000 fighters in Western Sahara and has engaged in intermittent warfare with Moroccan forces since the 1970s. Hundreds took part in a trade union rally in Casablanca in May 2012. [108], In 2008, about 56% of Morocco's electricity supply was provided by coal. km. Infant mortality has improved significantly since 1960 when there were 144 deaths per 1,000 live births, in 2000, 42 per 1,000 live births, and now it is 20 per 1,000 live births. [178] As a result, Moroccan rugby was tied to the fortunes of France, during the first and second World War, with many Moroccan players going away to fight. This type of weather has affected the Moroccan culture and behaviour and played a part in the social interaction of the population, like many other countries that fall into this type of climate zone. [61] Avifauna are notably variant. World > Africa > Morocco. Morocco is a country located in Northwest Africa, right on the edge of the African continent, bordering Algerian to the east, Mauritania to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Livestock are raised and forests yield cork, cabinet wood, and building materials. This is the list of ancient Moroccan dynasty and their Flags : The Idrissid dynasty (780-974) founded the first Moroccan state under the rule of Idriss I, they used a white flag. Lv 6. [2] The last Barbary lion in the wild was shot in the Atlas Mountains in 1922. Morocco is in my heart, it's my second home. The estimated literacy rate for the country in 2012 was 72%. Victorious Spain won a further enclave and an enlarged Ceuta in the settlement. Popular Western forms of music are becoming increasingly popular in Morocco, such as fusion, rock, country, metal and, in particular, hip hop. In fact Spain is only 8.6 miles (14 Km) away from the Moroccan border. Where is Morocco located? [citation needed] Several Moroccan professional players have competed in international competition, and the country fielded its first Davis Cup team in 1999. [118][120], On 20 May 2015, less than a year after its inception, the Higher Council for Education, Training and Scientific Research presented a report to the king offering a Vision for Education in Morocco 2015–2030. [188] Morocco has made significant progress in reducing deaths among both children and mothers. [153] The Moroccan National Theatre (founded 1956) offers regular productions of Moroccan and French dramatic works. Agriculture : employs 40% of the population. [1], It is estimated that between 41%[124] to 80% of residents have Berber ancestral origins. The indigenous Berber tribes adopted Islam, but retained their customary laws. To examine the abuses committed during the reign of King Hassan II (1961–1999), the government has set up an Equity and Reconciliation Commission (IER). From the 13th century onwards the country saw a massive migration of the Banu Hilal Arab tribes. He convinced the Awraba Berber tribes to break their allegiance to the distant Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad and he founded the Idrisid dynasty in 788. [99][100], Casablanca is the major cruise port in Morocco, and has the best developed market for tourists in Morocco, Marrakech in central Morocco is a popular tourist destination, but is more popular among tourists for one- and two-day excursions that provide a taste of Morocco's history and culture. Modern Moroccan literature began in the 1930s. This image was taken from the International Space Station, you can see Spain in the north, the strait of Gibraltar that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and the north of Morocco. The Rif Mountains bor… Countries or regions that share the same climatic characteristics with Morocco are the state of California (USA), Portugal, Spain and Algeria. Morocco Latitude, Longitude, Absolute and Relative Locations Email This BlogThis! The Agadir Crisis of 1911 increased tensions between European powers. Under the Almohad dynasty Morocco experienced a period of prosperity and brilliance of learning. King Hassan II died in 1999 and was succeeded by his son, Mohammed VI. Morocco's economy is one of the most robust economies in Africa, the currency of Morocco is Moroccan Dirham (MAD or DHS). The Polisario rejected the plan and put forward its own proposal. [51] In March 1956 the French protectorate was ended and Morocco regained its independence from France as the "Kingdom of Morocco". [164] These mostly rural regions are marked by numerous kasbahs (fortresses) and ksour (fortified villages) shaped by local geography and social structures, of which one of the most famous is Ait Benhaddou. Shossi. The Berber people are the main inhabitants of the mountains. Since independence, a veritable blossoming has taken place in painting and sculpture, popular music, amateur theatre, and filmmaking. nuqudy.com (2012-02-09)", "Morocco sets the goal of attracting 20 million tourists by 2020", "Yves Saint Laurent's Ashes Scattered In Marrakesh", http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0859768.html, http://taxsummaries.pwc.com/uk/taxsummaries/wwts.nsf/ID/Morocco-Corporate-Tax-credits-and-incentives, "Tanger Med Port Authority – Containers Activity", "Morocco – electricity production from coal sources", "Natural Gas to Fuel Morocco. [50] The rebellion was eventually suppressed by French and Spanish troops. Islamic literature, such as Quranic exegeses and other religious works such as Qadi Ayyad's Al-Shifa were influential. 1 0. A large part of Morocco is mountainous. [78], In 2006, the government of Morocco has suggested autonomous status for the region, through the Moroccan Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs (CORCAS). The Mediterranean and the Atlantic coast with more than 1800 Miles (3000 Km). They range from private companies in the largest city, Casablanca, the capital, Rabat, Note: In 1777 under the reign of Sultan Mohammed III, Morocco became the first nation in the world to recognize the United States independence. Moroccan constitution grants the freedom to worship and congregation with Morocco being considered one of the most tolerant Arab countries. The most popular drink is "atai", green tea with mint leaves and other ingredients. The Canary Islands belong to Spain and are off the Atlantic coast. 3. [62] The avifauna of Morocco includes a total of 454 species, five of which have been introduced by humans, and 156 are rarely or accidentally seen. File Type: png, File size: 104602 bytes (102.15 KB), Map Dimensions: 1000px x 1000px (256 colors) Resize this map. Answer Save. Beef is the most commonly eaten red meat in Morocco, usually eaten in a Tagine with vegetables or legumes. [151], After Morocco declared independence in 1956, French and Arabic became the main languages of administration and education, causing the role of Spanish to decline. [143][144] The country's distinctive group of Moroccan Arabic dialects is referred to as Darija. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. After Miknasa broke off relations with the Fatimids in 932, they were removed from power by the Maghrawa of Sijilmasa in 980. The remainder of the Jewish population is dispersed throughout the country. [118], Morocco has a population of around 36,029,093 inhabitants (2018 est.). It is the first phase of what is planned to eventually be a 1,500 kilometeres (930 mi) high-speed rail network in Morocco. Mass education in hygiene is implemented in primary education schools which are free for residents of Morocco. Tennis and golf have become popular. It was bought by the fashion designer Yves Saint-Laurent and Pierre Bergé in 1980. He announced that investment in science and technology would rise from US$620,000 in 2008 to US$8.5 million (69 million Moroccan dirhams) in 2009, in order to finance the refurbishment and construction of laboratories, training courses for researchers in financial management, a scholarship programme for postgraduate research and incentive measures for companies prepared to finance research, such as giving them access to scientific results that they could then use to develop new products. The regions from Essaouira to Agadir receive between 250 mm and 400 mm. Most regions have distinct seasons where summer is usually not spoiled by rain and winter turns wet, snowy and humid with mild, cool to cold temperatures, while spring and fall see warm to mild weather characterised by flowers blooming in spring and falling leaves in autumn. However, the Siege of Melilla against the Spanish ended in defeat in 1775. In 2005, The government of Morocco approved two reforms to expand health insurance coverage. [103] Both the agriculture and fishing industries are expected to be severely impacted by climate change.[104]. The Rif mountains stretch over the region bordering the Mediterranean from the north-west to the north-east. [145] English, while far behind French in terms of number of speakers, is the first foreign language of choice, since French is obligatory, among educated youth and professionals. There is also half a million Europeans mainly from France and Spain. [101], As of 2006[update], activity and adventure tourism in the Atlas and Rif Mountains are the fastest growth area in Moroccan tourism. The most commonly eaten red meat in Morocco is beef; lamb is preferred but is relatively expensive. The country is also known as the Kingdom of Morocco and is located in the northwestern part of the African continent. More than 40% of Morocco's consumption of grains and flour is imported from the United States and France. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/which-continent-is-morocco-in.html [135], Christians are estimated at 1% (~380,000) of the Moroccan population. In the valleys, fertile soils and high precipitation allow for the growth of thick and lush forests. [129] Morocco's once prominent Jewish minority has decreased significantly since its peak of 265,000 in 1948, declining to around 2,500 today. The decades previous to this time are called the Years of Lead (Les Années de Plomb), and included forced disappearances, assassinations of government opponents and protesters, and secret internment camps such as Tazmamart. He was the first Spanish leader in 25 years to make an official visit to the territories. Morocco also claims the exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, all of them under Spanish jurisdiction, as well as several small Spanish-controlled islands off its coast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), all of it land. Other location | Local time Morocco. According to research published, in 2005 only 16% of citizens in Morocco had health insurance or coverage. Services : 51.4% of the GDP - Tourism with more than 10 million tourists each year. In 2003, both countries were studying the possibility of a rail tunnel measuring 40 kilometres long, the cost of the project was estimated at 5 Billion euros. Chicken is also very commonly used in Tagines, knowing that one of the most famous tagine is the Tagine of Chicken, potatoes and olives. [69], Morocco was an authoritarian regime according to the Democracy Index of 2014. 8 Answers. The red color symbolizes the Alaouite dynasty, the green five-pointed star was added via the Dahir of the 17 November 1915 by the Sultan Moulay Youssef, he considered it as the Seal of Solomon, the green color is used as a symbol of Islam. Nawal El Moutawakel won in the 400 metres hurdles; she was the first woman from an Arab or Islamic country to win an Olympic gold medal. Since then Morocco has controlled the majority of the Sahara territory. and two other cities,[clarification needed] to public municipal utilities in 13 other cities, as well as a national electricity and water company (ONEE). They are continuously begging their government to let them come back home. Voter turnout in these elections was estimated to be 43% of registered voters. [109] However, as forecasts indicate that energy requirements in Morocco will rise 6% per year between 2012 and 2050,[110] a new law passed encouraging Moroccans to look for ways to diversify the energy supply, including more renewable resources. [12] The capital is Rabat and the largest city is Casablanca. [137] The number of the Moroccans who converted to Christianity (most of them secret worshippers) are estimated between 8,000 and 50,000. This is due to the diversity of climate and the precipitation patterns in the country. However, this was not the case in other parts of the Islamic world: until the middle of the 20th century, the common name of Morocco in Egyptian and Middle Eastern Arabic literature was Marrakesh (مراكش);[23] this name is still used in some languages such as Persian, Urdu and Punjabi. The following decade saw much wrangling over a proposed referendum on the future of the territory but the deadlock was not broken. [137], Morocco's official languages are Arabic and Berber. Cinema in Morocco has a long history, stretching back over a century to the filming of Le chevrier Marocain ("The Moroccan Goatherd") by Louis Lumière in 1897. The southeastern regions, basically the driest areas, receive between 100 mm and 200 mm only, and consist basically of arid and desert lands. [117], The Moroccan Innovation Strategy was launched at the country's first National Innovation Summit in June 2009 by the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Investment and the Digital Economy. 17/11/20 [The Star] > Morocco's COVID-19 cases surpass 300,000: Morocco registered 5,415 new COVID-19 cases on Tuesday, taking the total tally in the North African country to 301,604, the Health Ministry said in a statement. It is served to guests, and it is impolite to refuse it. Its administrative headquarters are located in Tindouf, Algeria. The latest parliamentary elections were held on November 25, 2011. The Alaouite dynasty (from 1666) used a red flag until 1915. In 2014, Morocco began the construction of the first high-speed railway system in Africa linking the cities of Tangiers and Casablanca. The government is encouraging public institutions to engage with citizens in innovation. Morocco attracted more than 11 million tourists in 2017. It brought both the Arabic language and Islam to the area. [98] Morocco's relatively high number of tourists has been aided by its location—Morocco is close to Europe and attracts visitors to its beaches. Morocco, as a French and Spanish protectorate left Moroccan intellectuals the opportunity to exchange and to produce literary works freely enjoying the contact of other Arabic literature and Europe. Although Morocco is on the African continent, it is the only non-member country of the African Union. In 1944, the Moroccan Cinematographic Center (CCM), the nation's film regulatory agency, was established. The Idrisids established Fes as their capital and Morocco became a centre of Muslim learning and a major regional power. Width: Height: You can resize this map. French is taught as an obligatory language in all schools. France's exile of Sultan Mohammed V in 1953 to Madagascar and his replacement by the unpopular Mohammed Ben Aarafa sparked active opposition to the French and Spanish protectorates. The area from Casablanca to Essaouira, on the Atlantic coast, receives between 300 mm and 500 mm. Local news . Morocco's military consists of the Royal Armed Forces—this includes the Army (the largest branch), the Navy, the Air Force, the Royal Guard, the Royal Gendarmerie and the Auxiliary Forces. [137] Sultan Mohammed became king in 1957. Fighting between the Moroccan military and Polisario forces continued for many years. The proposal was encouraged by Moroccan allies such as the United States, France and Spain. In 2010, security forces stormed a protest camp in the Western Sahara, triggering violent demonstrations in the regional capital El Aaiún. However, the Festival's musicians did not play the Moroccan national anthem, as no one in attendance knew what it was. The current king of the Kingdom is Mohammed VI. / Morocco Map – Morocco is a country on the African continent. As Europe industrialised, Northwest Africa was increasingly prized for its potential for colonisation. Hover to zoom map. [134] Despite Moroccans being affiliated with Islam, almost 15% nonetheless describe themselves as non-religious according to a 2019 survey conducted for the BBC by the research network Arab Barometer. The earliest known independent Moroccan state was the Berber kingdom of Mauretania under king Baga. [118][119], As of 2015, Morocco had three technoparks. Relevance ♥ terry g ♥ Lv 7. [146] In 2008, Frédéric Deroche estimated that there were 12 million Berber speakers, making up about 40% of the population. According to medieval legend, Idris ibn Abdallah had fled to Morocco after the Abbasids' massacre of his tribe in Iraq. Surrounding the mediteranin sea, and Atlantic Ocean. French is widely used in governmental institutions and large companies. Pages. [citation needed] The Moroccan-Dutch Badr Hari, heavyweight kickboxer and martial artist, is a former K-1 heavyweight champion and K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 and 2009 finalist. The country's strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean attracted the interest of Europe, and in 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. Art and music festivals take place throughout the country during the summer months, among them the World Sacred Music Festival at Fès. Roberts, Priscilla H. and Richard S. Roberts, Leyre Gil Perdomingo and Jaime Otero Roth (2008). [citation needed], The religious affiliation in the country was estimated by the Pew Forum in 2010 as 99% Muslim, with all remaining groups accounting for less than 1% of the population. Since improving the quality of education goes hand in hand with promoting research and development, the report also recommended developing an integrated national innovation system which would be financed by gradually increasing the share of GDP devoted to research and development (R&D) from 0.73% of GDP in 2010 ‘to 1% in the short term, 1.5% by 2025 and 2% by 2030’.

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