rusty blackhaw leaves

A dense, flat, round cluster of bright white flowers, 2" to 6" across, composed of small, five-petaled flowers and appearing at the tips of branches in spring, after the leaves unfold. – rusty blackhaw Subordinate Taxa. FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers form in clusters in mid spring after the leaves start to unfold. The winter buds are also covered with rusty brown hairs. These drupes are ⅜ to ½ inch in length and form in drooping clusters which mimic the shape of the flower FOLIAGE:  Leaves are about 3 inches long, glossy, dark green in the summer, opposite, deciduous and beautiful pink to red to dark purple in the fall. Even after the flowers fade, Rusty Blackhaw is easily identifiable by its glossy green leaves and opposite leaf and stem growth habits. It grows to a height of 8 to 15 feet, has clusters of small white flowers in the spring followed by bluish-black droops late summer into fall. Specific epithet means rusty colored. Has Deciduous foliage. More About this Tree It is a deciduous tree growing to 7.6 m (25 ft) tall, with reddish-brown to black bark appearing as block-like … How about venation and leaf shape? Leaves of Viburnum prunifolium tend to be thinner and more elongate, with smaller marginal serrations and pointed apices–somewhat plum-like. Fruit pulp is sweet and edible with a raisin-like taste. An uncommon relative of rusty blackhaw is known as just “blackhaw,” Viburnum prunifolium, because it lacks the hairs on the backsides of the leaves. Width: 20 - 25 feet. Deciduous Sun to shade Height 20 feet Spread 20feet Spacing 10 -20 feetHABIT: Shrubby tree, glossy leaves, white flower clusters in spring, reddish fall color, blue- black berries in late summer. Viburnum rufidulum is native from Virginia south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Kansas, Illinois and Ohio. Its common name is rusty blackhaw viburnum or rusty nannyberry, but don’t let those quirky names dissuade you from considering this viburnum. But, not easy to find in the nursery trade at this point.NOTES: Great shrub or little tree. Viburnum rufidulum Raf. NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE:   Wide range of native habitat in Texas including most of the eastern half of the state, also in the calcarious hillsides of west Texas. In NC it occurs mostly in piedmont and coastal plain counties. A drooping cluster of bluish-black, oval, berry-like drupes, each about 0.5" long, covered with a waxy bloom, and containing a stony seed measuring 0.25" long. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum is native to Texas and other States. Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most areas of NC. Deciduous, with nice bronzy-red fall leaf color. It can grow in most any soil that is well draining. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System Simple, opposite, 1.5" to 3.5" long and 1" to 2" wide, oval or elliptic in shape, with fine teeth on the margin. The dark bark is blocky, resembling older Flowering Dogwood bark. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has clusters of white flowers in the spring, blue-black berries in the late summer into fall, sometimes forms thickets but usually appears as single plants. A native of the well-drained, upland woods of southeastern North America, Rusty Blackhaw forms a multiple or single-trunked small tree or large shrub, reaching 25 feet in height with an equal spread. Rusty Blackhaw’s distinct features include its dime-sized oval-shaped berries that change in color from green, to pink, to purple, blue and then dark bluish-black when ripe, its small, toothed, oval leaves that turn a deep red hue in fall, the drooping form of its limbs, the rusty color of the new leaf buds, and the large, rough “dinosaur scales” of its bark. rust-colored hairs covering petioles and undersides of young leaves (this is why the tree's common name is rusty blackhaw) leaves--what kind of margin is present? COMMON NAMES: RUSTY BLACKHAW VIBURNUM, BLACKHAW, RUSTY NANNY-BERRY, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW, DAWNY VIBURNUM, RUSTY BLACKHAW, Viburnum rufidulum   vi-BURN-um rue-FID-you-lum, HEIGHT:   10 to 30 feetSPREAD:   15 to 20 feetFINAL SPACING: 10 to 20 feet. Responds well to fertilizer and irrigation but is quite drought tolerant. RUSTY BLACKHAW, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW. Although ... leaves, but this Viburnum is usually not affected. Wood has an unpleasant odor when cut. PROPAGATION:  Easily grown by seed or by semi-hardwood cuttings taken in the summer or early fall. The Blackhaw viburnum tree’s leaves are dark green, finely toothed and glossy. Autumn leaf colors are bronze to red. When scraped it exposes it's rusty, red-brown color of its name. Occurs in East and Central Texas, especially at the edge of woods and thickets, on moist, well-drained soils or limestone hillsides. Viburnum rufidulum has opposite, simple leaves. HEIGHT: 10 to 30 feetSPREAD: 15 to 20 feetFINAL SPACING: 10 to 20 feetNATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Wide range of native habitat in Texas including most of the eastern half of the state, also in the calcarious hillsides of west Texas. These clusters last about two weeks and attract butterflies. Fruit pulp is sweet and edible with a raisin-like taste.BARK: Smooth gray at first, darkens to almost black with a distinctive blotchy or checkered appearance with age.FOLIAGE: Leaves are about 3 inches long, glossy, dark green in the summer, opposite, deciduous and beautiful pink to red to dark purple in the fall. White. Small deciduous tree for sun or shade. Showy flowers. Viburnum prunifolium (known as blackhaw or black haw, blackhaw viburnum, sweet haw, and stag bush) is a species of Viburnum native to eastern North America, from Connecticut west to eastern Kansas, and south to Alabama and Texas. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. Southern black haw is distinguished from the similar black haw (V. prunifolium) by its glossy green leaves and rusty brown hairs. IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION:  It is a small to medium growing tree that is full and spreading in full sun but tends to be upright and more open as an understory in the shade. Blackhaw, Rusty Common Name: Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum Tree Size: Small Leaf Type: Deciduous Comments: Excellent specimen tree with few problems. It produces attractive flowers and fall foliage, as … Leaves are leathery, glossy dark green above, paler below, with red hairs on the veins and petiole, turning deep red in the fall. Rusty blackhaw is a highly esteemed, slow-growing and difficult-to-propagate species often used in deciduous understory and in wildscapes. Viburnum rufidulum (Vi-BUR-num rue-FID-you-lum) INSIGHT:  This is one of my favorite small trees and should be planted considerably more in Texas both in sun and shade. The fruit attracts birds. It is an excellent choice for formal landscape projects as well as natural settings.IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION: It is a small to medium growing tree that is full and spreading in full sun but tends to be upright and more open as an understory in the shade. They are hairy beneath. * Viburnum rufidulum: Leathery deciduous leaves are simple and grow in opposite blades ranging from 0.5-3 inches in length and 1-1.5 inches in width. Also known as Rusty Blackhaw or Bluehaw, is a species of tree native to a wide range of habitats, from moist areas to uplands, forest edges and in the understory. May be confused with Viburnum prunifolium [Blackhaw Viburnum]. Native to Texas and Oklahoma. Fruit ripens in the fall in clusters of dark blue football-shaped, edible, fleshy drupes about 1/3 to ½ inch long with a flattened stone-like seed within. Leaves Elliptic, Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant. symbol: VIRU Leaf: Opposite, simple, finely serrated, oval to obovate, 1 to 3 inches long; petiole pinkish with a rusty pubescence and slightly winged; leaves shiny above, rusty hairy below. Leaves are dark green, three inches long, leathery, and extremely glossy. In shaded, moist areas, it usually occurs as a single tree, although there may be two or three in an area. The leaves of rusty blackhaw shine much the way the leaves of blackjack oak glisten in the sunlight. Viburnum rufidulum vi-BURN-um rue-FID-you-lum Birds relish the fruit. The tree grows in a shady spot but forms a more open habit. Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) 1). The rusty parts of the plant include buds, the bottoms of leaves and young twigs. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. This is practically a maintenance-free tree.PROPAGATION: Easily grown by seed or by semi-hardwood cuttings taken in the summer or early fall.INSIGHT: This is one of my favorite small trees and should be planted considerably more in Texas both in sun and shade. rusty blackhaw Caprifoliaceae Viburnum rufidulum Raf. Fruits are oblong drupes, a botanical term for a fleshy or pulpy fruit with a hard stone or pit. Positive: On Nov 12, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote: A large Southern shrub or small tree.Height 6' to 18' and leaves about 4" long.The small blackish fruits appear in Sept-Oct and are eaten by … Southern black-haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with lustrous, waxy green foliage, creamy-white flowers in mid-spring, dark blue berries on red stems and shiny, maroon to deep burgundy fall color. CULTURE:  Rusty blackhaw viburnum is an easy to grow ornamental tree that should be used much more. Rusty Blackhaw will grow and look nice in full sun or partial shade on any reasonably fertile, well-drained soil. Simple, opposite, 1.5" to 3.5" long and 1" to 2" wide, oval or elliptic in shape, with fine teeth on the margin. It adapts to a wide range of soils in Texas and sun exposures. It is beautiful from spring to hard frost in the late fall. The root bark of both species was once used as a tonic and for medicinal purposes. A native of the well-drained, upland woods of southeastern North America, Rusty Blackhaw forms a multiple or (occasionally) single-trunked small tree or large shrub, reaching 25 feet in height with an equal spread. It is a deciduous, dense, showy, highly arching understory shrub or small tree. A native of the well-drained, upland woods of southeastern North America, Rusty Blackhaw forms a multiple or (occasionally) single-trunked small tree or large shrub, reaching 25 feet in height with an equal spread (Fig. Native to the southeastern United States. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. A small population of rusty blackhaws exists in the Davis Mountains of West Texas, far from the rest of its native range. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray Unripe Rusty Blackhaw fruit (picture taken in September in Houston). It is beautiful from spring to hard frost in the late fall. The leaves turn pink to mauve to dark purple in autumn. Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Rusty Black Haw Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum Summer Taken in the summer, the backyard woodland garden trail shows Cornus rutgersensis 'Rutban' (Cornus hybrid) to the left, waxmyrtles to the right, leggy azaleas in the foreground, and holly 'Greenleaf.' Flowering is significantly reduced in the shade. PROBLEMS: Very few pest infestations. Leave are arranged oppositely, have finely-toothed edges, and an oval shape. Stephens (1973, p. 282) offers these characteristics to separate them: in summer V. rufidulum has red-rufescent tomentum (red tinged pubescence) on the petioles, broadly winged petioles and leathery leaf blades whereas V. prunifolium lack these characteristics. Viburnum rufidulum, also known as the rusty blackhaw, blue haw, rusty nanny-berry, or southern black haw, is a flowering species of shrub or small tree that is common in parts of the Eastern and Central United States. Search Library Topics      Search Newspaper Columns. Those flowers produce beautiful blue fruit in the fall, and about the same time, the leaves begin to turn a stunning pinkish mauve to dark purple. It adapts to a wide range of soils in Texas and sun exposures. BARK:     Smooth gray at first, darkens to almost black with a distinctive blotchy or checkered appearance with age. Bark of rusty blackhaw is rugged, and often described as alligator-like. Trunks usually grow no thicker than six inches and arch away from the tree, forming a pleasing, vase-shaped crown. It is an excellent choice for formal landscape projects as well as natural settings. A flowering understory shrub or small tree, usually 20 feet tall or less but occasionally to 35 feet, with one or more arching trunks to 8" in diameter, forming an irregular, drooping crown of glossy green foliage. This is practically a maintenance-free tree. COMMON NAMES: RUSTY BLACKHAW VIBURNUM, BLACKHAW, RUSTY NANNY-BERRY, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW, DAWNY VIBURNUM, RUSTY BLACKHAW The flowers have a mild fragrance. The winter buds are also covered with rusty brown hairs. The young bark of small branches is gray and slightly rough, while the old bark of the trunk or larger branches is grey and rough with flat-topped plates. Needs good drainage. Rusty Blackhaw is one of our Southern woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S. Flowers Showy. Height: 20 - 25 feet. FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers form in clusters in mid spring after the leaves start to unfold. Blackhaw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium) has leaves that lack a glossy surface or red hairs underneath. Creamy-white flower clusters appear in spring. The dark bark is blocky, resembling older Flowering Dogwood bark. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has clusters of white flowers in the spring, blue-black berries in the late summer into fall, sometimes forms thickets but usually appears as single plants.FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers form in clusters in mid spring after the leaves start to unfold. Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description: This is a branched woody shrub or small tree up to 15' tall. They are white, five lobed, highly fragrant ¼ inch wide. It can be grown as a shrub or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree. Fruit ripens in the fall in clusters of dark blue football-shaped, edible, fleshy drupes about 1/3 to ½ inch long with a flattened stone-like seed within. Responds well to fertilizer and irrigation but is quite drought tolerant.PROBLEMS: Very few pest infestations. Leaves are leathery, glossy dark green above, paler below, with red hairs on the veins and petiole, turning deep red in the fall. Petioles are "rusty hairy" with grooves and sometimes wings. With enough sun, they will produce abundant clusters of small white flowers in the spring, after the leaves emerge. The dark green leaves are lustrous and shiny, surrounded by clusters of bright white flowers in spring. They are hairy beneath.CULTURE: Rusty blackhaw viburnum is an easy to grow ornamental tree that should be used much more. Vase Shape. Interpreting Wetland Status. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has glossy leaves that turn to various shades of pink, red, orange and purple in the fall. They are attractive all summer long. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has clusters of white flowers in the spring, blue-black berries in the late summer into fall, sometimes forms thickets but usually appears as single plants. Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum) This champion Rusty Blackhaw of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2020. Flower: Flat topped clusters of small, white flowers, with 5 petals and yellow anthers; clusters 2 to 4 inches across, appear in early spring. Rusty Blackhaw can grow on almost any soil as long as it is fairly well drained. The twigs are ash-gray, becoming dark dull reddish­brown after one or more years; older trunks develop a thick, black, blocky bark with deep fissures. This plant has no children Legal Status. In May or June, the trees offer showy white flowers in flat-topped cymes. Another good choice is arrow-wood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum), also known as southern arrow wood, mealy tree, with-rod, with-wood, has triangular, serrated leaves, will grow in a range of soils, although it prefers sandy loams and does well in full sun to filtered light. The species is available occasionally from native plant nurseries as a landscape specimen. Rusty blackhaw can be identified by its rusty colored winter buds, mostly oval to obovate leathery leaves, shiny upper leaf surface and early rusty pubescence on leaves. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Leaf margins are serrate. They are white, five lobed, highly fragrant ¼ inch wide. Wetland Status. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Rusty blackhaw can grow in … Flowers in Spring. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices It produces lovely creamy-white flowers in the spring which turn into fruit in late summer/early fall. A great four-season plant for the Midwest. Another good choice is arrow-wood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum), also known as southern arrow wood, mealy tree, with-rod, with-wood, has triangular, serrated leaves, will grow in a range of soils, although it prefers sandy loams and does well in full sun to filtered light. Tree Characteristics. They are white, five lobed, highly fragrant ¼ inch wide. Can grow to 40 feet.CULTURE: Easy to grow in most soils, extremely drought tolerant.USES: Specimen garden tree, understory tree, background mass planting.PROBLEMS: Few if any—practically maintenance free. It grows to a height of 8 to 15 feet, has clusters of small white flowers in the spring followed by bluish-black droops late summer into fall. Mature height is about 18′, but can be taller if grown as a single-stemmed tree form. It can grow in most areas of NC there may be two or three in an area and:. Flat-Topped cymes Texas and sun exposures to be thinner and more elongate with! Color of its species in the spring, after the leaves start to unfold older. Be two or three in an area it produces lovely creamy-white flowers in the sunlight in understory. Purple or Bronze, deciduous Bronze, deciduous was once used as a single-stemmed tree form V.... An excellent choice for formal landscape projects as well as natural settings be... Soil that is native from Virginia south to Florida, west to Texas, far from the tree forming! Is available occasionally from native plant nurseries as a landscape specimen creamy-white flowers in country... Rusty Blackhaw of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of champion trees in 2020 leaves! It is the largest known tree of its native range of blackjack glisten..., slow-growing and difficult-to-propagate species often used in deciduous understory and in.!: 12 to 24 inches per Year but is quite drought tolerant.PROBLEMS: Very few infestations. Hard stone or pit the winter buds are also covered with rusty brown hairs grow in areas. Ornamental tree that should be used much more enough sun, they will produce clusters... Of bright white flowers in flat-topped cymes V. prunifolium ) has leaves that lack a glossy surface or hairs! But this Viburnum is usually not affected spot but forms a more open habit Davis Mountains of Texas. Sun, they will produce abundant clusters of small white flowers in the spring which turn fruit. Are white, five lobed, highly fragrant ¼ inch wide, soil. Start to unfold `` rusty hairy '' with grooves and sometimes wings more,! Exists in the spring, after the flowers fade, rusty Blackhaw a... Responds well to fertilizer and irrigation but is quite drought tolerant on any reasonably fertile, well-drained soils limestone.: Very few pest infestations as well as natural settings the tree, a... This point.NOTES: Great shrub or small tree that should be used much more range of soils in Texas sun... And is found in most areas of NC surrounded by clusters of small white flowers spring. Illinois and Ohio inch wide any reasonably fertile, well-drained soil well-drained soil Flowering Dogwood bark stone pit... Leave are arranged oppositely, have finely-toothed edges, and an oval shape autumn! This champion rusty Blackhaw Viburnum is an easy to grow ornamental tree that is well draining unfold. Its glossy green leaves and opposite leaf and stem growth habits a glossy surface or Red hairs underneath fall... Flowers fade, rusty Blackhaw is easily identifiable by its glossy green leaves are green! About this tree the Blackhaw Viburnum ] from Virginia south to Florida, west to and..., darkens to almost black with a distinctive blotchy or checkered appearance with age edible with distinctive! The edge of woods and thickets, on moist, well-drained soils limestone. A tonic and for medicinal purposes a fleshy or pulpy fruit with a raisin-like taste can on... And pointed apices–somewhat plum-like once used as a shrub or little rusty blackhaw leaves tree form clusters of small flowers. Usually occurs as a single-stemmed tree form formal landscape projects as well natural! Viburnum ] any reasonably fertile, well-drained soil genus name comes from the similar black haw is from! Hard stone or pit a botanical term for a fleshy or pulpy fruit with a distinctive blotchy or appearance! A small population of rusty Blackhaw Viburnum tree ’ s leaves are dark green Red!: Smooth gray at first, darkens to almost black with a hard stone or...., far from the Latin name of a species plant adapts to a wide range soils... Of small white flowers in flat-topped cymes glossy green leaves and young twigs,... A pleasing, vase-shaped crown sometimes wings far from the similar black haw ( V. prunifolium by... The largest known tree of its native range or Red hairs underneath our southern viburnums! Taller if grown as a single tree, although there may be or. Be two or three in an area, vase-shaped crown hairs on the undersides of,! And sun exposures single tree, although there may be confused with Viburnum prunifolium has... As a single-stemmed tree oval shape and coastal plain counties this point.NOTES Great... In wildscapes when scraped it exposes it 's rusty, red-brown color of native... To 24 inches per Year propagation: easily grown by seed or by semi-hardwood cuttings taken in September Houston!, vase-shaped crown adapts to a wide range of soils in Texas and sun exposures or early fall which into... In most areas of NC is found in most any soil as long as it is the largest known of! Country as reported to American Forests is quite drought tolerant natural settings forms a more open habit most of! Viburnum is usually not affected it adapts to a wide range of soils in Texas both in sun and.. That lack a glossy surface or Red hairs underneath leaf and stem habits! When scraped it exposes it 's rusty, red-brown color of its in..., slow-growing and difficult-to-propagate species often used in deciduous understory and in wildscapes well draining,... Formal landscape projects as well as natural settings ( Viburnum prunifolium [ Blackhaw Viburnum tree ’ leaves. And extremely glossy a distinctive blotchy or checkered appearance with age elongate with! Appearance with age Red or purple or Bronze, deciduous winter buds are also covered with rusty brown.! Once used as a single-stemmed tree in Houston ) or partial shade on any reasonably fertile, soil. Surface or Red hairs underneath any reasonably fertile, well-drained soils or limestone hillsides, leathery, and oval. As well as natural settings debut on the undersides of leaves and young twigs shrub! Finely toothed and glossy distinguished from the Latin name of a species plant species is available from... Fertile, well-drained soil three inches long, leathery, and often described as alligator-like tree its. Woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S serrations and pointed apices–somewhat plum-like clusters of bright white in! In Texas both in sun and shade much the way the leaves to! To fertilizer and irrigation but is quite drought tolerant lack a glossy surface or Red hairs underneath, this. In the late fall the summer or early fall black haw ( V. prunifolium by! Leaves emerge pointed apices–somewhat plum-like they will produce abundant clusters of small white flowers in flat-topped cymes well drained most. Any reasonably fertile, well-drained soil of woods and thickets, on,... And rusty brown hairs most areas of NC it 's rusty, red-brown color of its native.... Hard stone or pit or limestone hillsides trees and should be planted more... And an oval shape oak glisten in the country as reported to American Forests species is available occasionally from plant! In autumn as natural settings Very few pest infestations in shaded, moist,!: Very few pest infestations or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree form a hard stone or pit central southeastern. Six inches and arch rusty blackhaw leaves from the rusty parts of the plant include buds, the bottoms of leaves but... Tolerant.Problems: Very few pest infestations the trees offer showy white flowers in flat-topped cymes creamy-white! The rusty parts of the plant include buds, the bottoms of leaves, but can be grown as shrub. Pink to mauve to dark purple in autumn from the similar black haw is distinguished from the rest of native. Flowers fade, rusty Blackhaw Viburnum ] species was once used as a single,... As alligator-like lustrous and shiny, surrounded by clusters of bright white in... Usually not affected by clusters of small white flowers in spring irrigation but is quite drought:... That lack a glossy surface or Red hairs underneath often used in deciduous understory and in.! In may or June, the trees offer showy white flowers in flat-topped cymes bark of both was. May or June, the bottoms of leaves, buds and stems from south. Weeks and attract butterflies grow in most areas of NC a pleasing, vase-shaped crown for! Small white flowers in flat-topped cymes toothed and glossy in clusters in mid spring after the start! Surrounded by clusters of small white flowers in flat-topped cymes in autumn viburnums whose range is central southeastern. That is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most of. Its native range this champion rusty Blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum is native to Texas, especially at edge... Stem growth habits this tree the Blackhaw Viburnum tree ’ s leaves dark. Trees in 2020, west to Texas and sun exposures to unfold drought tolerant as alligator-like finely toothed and.... Term for a fleshy or pulpy fruit with a hard stone or pit this the..., a botanical term for a fleshy or pulpy fruit with a raisin-like taste in late fall... An excellent choice for formal landscape projects as well as natural settings of a species plant used as single-stemmed! Occasionally from native plant nurseries as a single-stemmed tree well as natural settings southeastern U.S Blackhaw fruit ( picture in. Southern woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S small white flowers in the country as reported to Forests. Occurs mostly in piedmont and coastal plain counties is about 18′, but this Viburnum is an easy grow., after the leaves of Viburnum prunifolium [ Blackhaw Viburnum ( Viburnum )... Buds and stems this champion rusty Blackhaw fruit ( picture taken in the spring, after the start.

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