sociology research topics on gender

A critical point in the definition of and treatment of the intersexed is made by Wilchins, who asks, “Why are [intersex] people forced to produce a binary sexed identity? 1982. 1, An Introduction. Choose an essay topic on sociology. New York: Routledge. One aspect of this is helping students understand the ways that identity and identity categories impact social structures and status. Butler, Judith and Joan W. Scott, eds. “To Interpret the World and to Change It: An Interview with Nancy Fraser.” Signs 29:1103–24. New York: Monthly Review Press. You … “Symposium: Queer Theory/Sociology: A Dialogue.” Sociological Theory 12:166–77. Sociology research project topics and ideas. Hird, Myra. Patricia Hill Collins (1990) conceptualizes the black experience in the United States, in its critical difference from the experiences of “whites,” as embodying an “outsider-within” perspective. “Women and Social Stratification: A Case of Intellectual Sexism.” American Journal of Sociology 78:936–45. Kessler (1998) calls medicine’s surgical interventions a “failure of the imagination” in not recognizing that “each of their management decisions is a moment when a specific instance of biological ‘sex’ is transformed into a culturally constructed gender” (p. 32). 1998. 1978. The second point has to do with the sex/gender distinction, which will loom large in our discussion. Before looking at how gender “took wing,” two points need to be made about the following discussion. Our Bodies, Ourselves. Lovell, Terry. The reworking of Freud by Lacan and the comments of other theorists such as Foucault and Derrida provided, and continue to provide, significant contributions to these debates (Braidotti 1991; Butler 1990, 1993; Butler and Scott 1992; Diprose 1994; Irigaray 1974; Kristeva 1986; Rose 1986). Berkeley: University of California Press. 1994. The sociological study of gender is often combined with the study of sexuality. In sum, although the corporeal body in its external fleshy manifestation is important, “beneath the surface of our skin exists an entire world of networks of bacteria, microbes, molecules, and inorganic life,” and they take “little account of ‘sexual difference’” and indeed exist and reproduce without any recourse to what we think of as reproduction” (Hird 2004:142). The best sociology research paper topics that are mostly preferred by college students and competent writers while writing their assignments are those that address issues of feminism and gender inequality. 1976. . These advantages operate at all levels, from the local to the global, whatever the cultural, racial, or social differences. Unruly Practices: Power, Discourse, and Gender in Contemporary Social Theory. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change or social evolution. 1994. For many people, this process begins before they are even born, with parents selecting gendered names on the basis of the sex of a fetus, and by decorating the incoming baby's room and selecting its toys and clothes in color-coded and gendered ways that reflect cultural expectations and stereotypes. These two conceptions must also contend with the frequent reports of the “death of feminism,” most particularly from a variety of conservative, often religiously inspired, traditionalists— both male and female (Hawkesworth 2004). Configuring Gender: Explorations in Theory and Politics. [1925] 1978. 1987. 1999. Suicide: A Study in Sociology. Fraser, Nancy. Translated by E. Gould. Gender mainstreaming is a strategy for achieving gender equality. 1993. (Diamond and Quinby 1988; Fraser 1989; Ramazanoglu 1993; Sawicki 1991). Sociologists within this subfield study a wide range of topics with a variety of research methods, including things like identity, social interaction, power and oppression, and the interaction of gender with other things like race, class, culture, religion, and sexuality, among others. 1994. Hird, Myra. 1980. In attempting to navigate the nature/nurture binary, Stoller’s (1968) distinction between “sex” as the biological evidence from chromosomes, hormones, and external genitalia and “gender” as the social, psychological, and cultural manifestations was influential. 175–76). “The Doxa of Difference.” Signs 23:1–21. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud. Michel Foucault’s (1976) conceptualization of the body as the site for the exercise of power through “disciplines of the body and the regulation of populations” and his understanding of power as productive as well as prohibitive and punitive provided an initial entry into the conceptualization of the body as the effect of discourse. Fraser, Nancy and Nancy A. Naples. Feminism and Race. Good Sociology Research Topics in Marriage and Family . 1980. You can also combine or make changes to … Elshtain, Jean B. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press. “Genetics, Normativity and Ethics.” Feminist Theory 5:149–65. 1999. In this context, unpacking the historical and social nature and impact of patriarchy was a central issue. 1995. The issues, like all the issues and debates outlined above, are not confined to the disciplinary boundaries of sociology however they may be construed. Butler, Judith. 1972. 1989. More specifically, Eva Sedgwick (1990), in her Epistemology of the Closet, claimed that to understand “virtually any aspect of modern Western culture,” it is necessary to “incorporate a critical analysis of modern homo/heterosexual definition” (p. 1). Irigaray, L. 1974. 2001. She points out that the structures that maintain heterosexuality and the ideology that claims its normality ensures the compliance of most women in their own subordination. Dinnerstein, Dorothy. London, England: Tavistock. Fair Sex, Savage Dreams: Race, Psychoanalysis, Sexual Difference. “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.” Signs 5:631–60. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Woman’s Press. Pringle, R. and S. Watson. 1994. Finally, sociologists as gender theorists need to contend with the tendency of the discipline to marginalize or co-opt gender issues, especially when these issues are linked to systems of inequality in the politics of everyday life (Young 1994). 3–23 in The Handbook of the Sociology of Gender, edited by J. S. Chafetz. Gender, on the other hand, is a social classification based on one's identity, presentation of self, behavior, and interaction with others. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. 1983. Up against Foucault. Family, Socialization and Interaction Process. It became apparent that the ubiquity of the two-sex model needed to be dismantled if gender was to, as Delphy (p. 24) put it, to “take wing” theoretically. Gender, which does not rely on biological characteristics, but on the person’s perceptions and interaction with other individuals is a socially constructed phenomenon either. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press. If sex and gender are deployed as “natural” binaries in national and global statistical reports about “distributed chances of life and death, health and morbidity, fertility and infertility, happiness and unhappiness, freedom and imprisonment” (p. 361), the use of such information for any emancipatory practices is limited. The focus of most research, as the subsequent discussion will illustrate, was mainly on the position of women and their experiences, to the extent that it often seemed that men did not “have” gender, that the universal male subject of Western theory remained intact. Hearn points out that “men” are “formed in men’s hegemony . Nancy Chodorow’s (1978) work was important to these debates. Define the term “stock character.” What are the common stereotypes about Americans? To the extent that the following concentrates largely on the work of Englishspeaking feminists, the somewhat contested epistemological status of the sex/gender distinction should be kept in mind. Translated by G. C. Gill. Epstein, Steven. 190–202 in Feminist Theory and the Body, edited by J. By the late 1970s, gender was the central concept for feminist research, although the issue of “sex” in relation to gender remained contentious. 1994. Importantly, they also focus on how these social forces can be changed to create a just and equal society in which no one is penalized for their gender. 1981. Boulder, CO:Westview Press. What kinds of categories of analysis would emerge if nontransgendered anthropological bodies were forced to explicate themselves in terms of intersexuality, rather than the other way around?” (quoted in Hird 2003:1068). Sociology of Gender dissertation topics Sociology of gender has been one of the most popular fields within sociology for a substantial period of time. Huber, Joan. “The Cartesian Masculinization of Thought.” Signs 11:439–56. Montreal, Québec, Canada: Black Rose Books. Petchesky, Rosalind Pollack. West, Candace and Don Zimmerman. “Holding the Center of Feminist Theory.” Women’s Studies International Forum 12:313–18. 1968. The dividend refers to the very real advantages that men, as a group, derive from the unequal gender order. Thistle, Susan. The impact of religion on gender preferences. For example, gender differences exist in the likelihood of drug and alcohol abuse, violent behavior, depression, and aggressive driving. 1971. List of Sociology dissertation topics . The distinctions were initially a fruitful way for feminism to mount important critiques of socialcultural gender inequity, but they were always unstable. Vital Signs. Balbus, Isaac. 1986. “A Queer Encounter: Sociology and the Study of Sexuality.” Sociological Theory 12:188–202. a normative language that erects moral boundaries and political hierarchies” (Seidman 1994:174). Women in the American Military. 2001. If subjects are discursive productions and identities unstable fictions, then this allows feminists to “contest the rigid codes of hierarchical binarisms.” The binaries anyway produce “failures”—the assertive female, the effeminate male, the lipstick lesbian, and so on (p. 145). Glenn, Evelyn Nakano. But, the most common topics covered by sociology are family, family issues and relations, children and teenagers’ behaviour, different social movements, gender and sex issues, race, nationality, and entnicity, religion and spiritualism, habits, solial issues and cultural biases, economics, eating habits, disorders, social and mass media, deviant behavior, etc. Gender theorists still contend with “two powerful, mutually canceling truths in feminism: on the one hand, there is no stable sex or gender and on the other, women too often find themselves unable to escape their gender and the sexual norms governing it” (Brown 2003:366). Masculinity is thus more difficult to achieve and is largely predicted on distinguishing self from the feminine. As Jean Walton (2001) points out, psychoanalysis has always excluded race. Men’s Lives. New York: Elsevier. [1915] 1946. Though male/female and man/woman are often conflated in the English language, they actually refer to two very different things: sex and gender. 1992. In addition, the concept was theoretically problematic because sociologists did not refer to “race roles” or “class roles” (Eichler 1980; Hess and Ferree 1987). The approach seeks to reorganize and restructure policies, institutions, and social programs by taking women’s and men’s perspectives, experiences, and needs … 1980. “Women, Domestic Life and Sociology.” Pp. In general, it is this assumption of the normality of heterosexuality in these accounts that is a problem. 1989. . Sociological research points to the ubiquity of gender’s influence in both private and public spheres, and it identifies differences—and similarities—in how genders are treated socially and factors that change this treatment. “The Medical Construction of Gender: Case Management of Intersex Infants.” Signs 16:3–26. 2003. “Gender in Counterpoint.” Feminist Theory 4:365–68. 1975. Media and popular culture play important roles in teaching us gender too. Sociology Research Topics for College Students. Berdaches married other ordinary men (not Berdaches), although neither was considered homosexual, as they would be in today’s Western culture. Using the concept of sex roles was a way of introducing social and cultural factors into the research. New York: Oxford University Press. “Gender’s Nature: Intersexuals, Transexualism and the ‘Sex’/‘Gender’ Binary.” Feminist Theory 1:347–64. Chrys Ingram (1994) maintains that the idea that “institutionalized heterosexuality constitutes the standard for legitimate and prescriptive sociosexual arrangements” is one of the “major premises” of sociology in general and of some “feminist sociology” (p. 204). Organize your notes and ideas and prepare your essay. Aspects of gender inequality at work and how should this problem be solved? “Beyond the Unhappy Marriage: A Critique of Dual Systems Theory.” Pp. Durkheim, Émile. Giddens, Anthony. Mihesuah, Devon A. “Feminism, Marxism, Method, and the State: An Agenda for Theory.” Signs 7:515–44. Garden. New York: Routledge. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Methuen. 2002. O’Neill, John. The Kristeva Reader. Our research expertise examines gender and sexuality in the context of law, health and medicine, migration, family studies and food. Both Chodorow and Dinnerstein suggest that the solution is to change the nature of parenting to include both men and women. Modleski, Tania. Consequently, the “functional ideas embedded in the concepts of ‘sex role’ and ‘socialization’” were shown to be “inadequate” because people often “do not become what they are expected to be” (Hess and Ferree 1987:14). What this suggests is that we learn gender through the process of socialization. This approach highlights the instability and fluidity of gender and recognizes that since it is produced by people through interaction, it is fundamentally changeable. Cambridge, England: Unwin. As the discussion above illustrates, the concept of gender has proven to be ambiguous, complex, and contradictory, and this is unlikely to change in the near future. Women’s subordination preceded the formation of class societies, so class “is not a separate construct from gender; rather, class is expressed in genderic terms” (p. 213). Marshall, Barbara. Weber, Max. Try combining sociology research topics if you feel you can handle the challenge – and use the list throughout the semester and for future courses. New York: Routledge. Steven Seidman (1994) states that although queer theory challenges the “regime of sexuality itself” and “aspires to transform homosexual theory into general social theory or one standpoint from which to analyze whole societies,” to date, “queer theory and sociology have barely acknowledged one another” (p. 174). Describe the way social factors influence the choice of the object of romantic and sexual interest. New York: Vintage Books. 2004. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Kessler, S. 1998. “Feminist Social Theory.” Pp. Eichler, Margrit. Gender-Neutral Management Practices. 1990. Sociology » Sociology of Gender » Gender Mainstreaming. The view from the antifeminist or nonfeminist women must not be simplistically dismissed as “false consciousness”; what is needed is to “know how they think as they do, how and in what terms and with what conflicts they experience their femininity” (Scott 1997:701). New York: Free Press. Sociology of Gender Dissertation Topics This has become one of the most prominent areas of sociology in recent times. The sociology of gender pays special focus on the power relationships that follow from the established gender order in a given society, as well as how this changes over time. Rose, Jacqueline. You can also view our social work dissertation topics list to get more ideas. The former, sex, is understood by sociologists to be a biological categorization based on reproductive organs. In such a situation, would the identification be bisexual, and if so, what are the consequences? New York: Bantam Books. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 3. Marxist analysis, with its focus on oppression and exploitation, seemed to promise an appropriate revolutionary perspective for change. David, Deborah and Robert Brannon, eds. The body as “text” was indebted to Foucault’s concept of bio-power and body aesthetics. Epistemology of the Closet. There you will also be able to find an idea for the theme of your work. Kessler, S. 1990. We may play with, perform, and deconstruct sex and gender, but how can we develop “strategies for eliminating (not only resisting) certain kinds of gendered and sexual subordination and violence, precisely those that are not easily subject to resignification” (Brown 2003:368)? The hegemony of men seeks to address the double complexity that men are both a social category formed by the gender system and dominant collective and individual agents of social practices. Many of the critiques on the hegemony of heterosexuality looked at its manifestations in and on the body, and about the body as a “text of culture” and a “practical, direct locus of social control” (Bordo 1989:13). The relative invisibility of women in the sociological enterprise, as in all Western intellectual traditions, was challenged with the advent of second-wave feminism in the 1960s. Rattansi, Ali. Some of the first approaches concentrated on “documenting gender difference” and understanding “how gender difference is constructed” (Marshall 2000:26). 1986. Sociology is a field in education that basically studies people and their cultures. [1916] 1935. . The sociobiological position was not uncontested, but sex became the “Achilles’ heel of 1970s feminism” despite its being relegated to th… Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. 1981. Critics pointed out that gender is constructed in and through differences of “race and class and vice versa” (Lovell 1996:310) and that race is “integral to white women’s gender identities” (Glenn 1992:35). 1994. 1982. The above suggestions are but a few that emerge from feminist struggles with the concept of gender. . 2003. Barash, David. The debates produced important work on social class (Acker 1973; Giddens 1973; Kuhn and Wolpe 1978; Sargent 1981); the nature of women’s labor, especially domestic labor (Fox 1980; Luxton 1980; Oakley 1974; Seccombe 1974); and the variable role of the State in the perpetuation of gendered power relations (Balbus 1982; Coontz and Henderson 1986; Coward 1983; Eisenstein 1979; Elshtain 1982; Lowe and Hubbard 1983). 1983. Price and M. Shildrick. Some male researchers did initiate research on male roles and masculinity, but these discussions were often marginal to the central feminist debates theorizing gender (Brod 1987; David and Brannon 1976; Farrell 1975; Kimmel and Messner 1989; Pleck 1981). 1985. Chafetz, Janet Saltzman. Chodorow’s (1978) object-relations psychoanalytic analysis focuses on the primary, pre-Oedipal identification of both male and female children with the mother and the different ways in which separation occurs for each child. In addition, Foucault’s demonstration that sexuality has been a “central preoccupation” of modern society that required the confession of a “true” sex identity—male or female, certainly not hermaphrodite—was suggestive. The following is a list of sociological research topics on gender. 1997. Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism. Max Weber ([1925] 1978) had defined patriarchy as the power of “men against women and children; of able-bodied as against those of lesser capability; of the adult against the child; of the old against the young” (p. 359). For example, sociobiology maintained that women’s reproductive biological destiny invariably results in social, sexual, political, and economic double standards that favor males (Barash 1977; Dawkins 1976; Wilson 1975). 1986. More Than a Labour of Love. New York: St. Martin’s Press. Money, J. and A. New York: Random House. Sociology is a study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction and culture of everyday life. Stoller, Robert. For example, from this viewpoint, wage inequalities that exist between men and women result from men’s historic power to devalue women’s work and benefit as a group from the services that women’s labor provides. 2005. Collins, Patricia Hill. Determine the field that you find exciting. ix–xii in Doing Gender, Doing Difference, edited by S. Fenstermaker and C. West. Blackwood, Evelyn. 323–59 in From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, edited by H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills. Cambridge, England: Polity Press. Vol. Revisioning Gender. New York: Harper & Row. “From Hegemonic Masculinity to the Hegemony of Men.” Feminist Theory 5:49–72. According to Dinnerstien, Freud was unable to account for the nearuniversal fear and hatred of women, but she maintains that this stance is the logical result of mother-monopolized child rearing, producing the male need to control women and women’s more or less willing submission. London, England: Verso. Sargent, Lydia, ed. Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Over the past five to six decades, an increasing part of public discourse and academic literature has been dedicated to gender equality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Rather than the disciplined subject “whose behaviour expresses internalized social norms,” control, according to Clough (2003), “aims at a never-ending modulation of moods, capacities, affects, potentialities, assembled in genetic codes, identification numbers, ratings profiles and preference listings; that is to say, bodies of data and information (including the human body as information and data” (p. 360). 2. New York: Oxford University Press. 1992. Patriarchal Precedents: Sexuality and Social Relations. “On the Reconceptualizing of Gender: Implications for Research Design.” Sociological Inquiry 74:302–17. sociology research topics on gender: The project topic home for MBA, MSC, BSC, PGD, PHD final year student: Browse and read free research project topics and materials. Translated by W. D. Halls. Many women of color, as well as gays and lesbians, correctly identified the way in which earlier discussions had privileged the position and interests of white, Western, heterosexual women, similar to the way in which “man” had been shorthand for white, Western, heterosexual males in post-Enlightenment sociological discourse (Barrett 1980; Collins 1990; hooks 1981; Rattansi 1995). The Making of Masculinities. Sexuality in the Field of Vision. 1973. 1986. The following is a list of sociological research topics on gender. Rubin, Gayle. 1935. “Feminist Theory and Dialectical Logic.” Signs 7:144–57. Later research refined the concept of sex roles as defining “situated identities—assumed and relinquished as the situation demands—rather than master identities, such as sex category, that cut across situations” (West and Zimmermann 1987:128). Updated April 18, 2018 The sociology of gender is one of the largest subfields within sociology and features theory and research that critically interrogates the social construction of gender, how gender interacts with other social forces in society, and how gender relates to social … Feminism without Women.

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